Rep. Domah: “You make leaders to grow for nothing big heads.” – Advertisement – Nimba District #7 Lawmaker urges constituents to hold elected officials to their promisesThe euphoria associated with having an elected official in the House of Representatives or the Senate can be very high when an official takes over; but as time progresses, and the person begins the main work for which he/she is elected, voters soon begin expressing apathy (disregard, unconcern) in him/her for failing to fulfill promises made during the time of campaigning.Constituents across the country are expressing disappointment in their elected officials, especially at this time of Liberia’s harsh economic situation, leaving officials unnervingly silent and, sometimes, only defending themselves with the excuse that, “I am a lawmaker; I was not elected to build a bridge, road or school.”Against this backdrop, Nimba County District #7 Representative Roger Domah has shifted the blame on voters themselves for the failure of elected officials to fulfill promises they made during campaigns.On June 22, 2019 in Tengbein Town, where he served as a guest speaker at the induction ceremony of officials of an umbrella organization, the Gbehyi Loleawon Association (GLA), for the locals of Gbehyi Clan, Representative Domah said, “You voters make elected officials to move with big heads here. You are the ones who gave us jobs through your votes, and if we fail to provide the kind of leadership you need, or do not fulfill promises we made, you still maintain your voting right to vote us out in an election.”He added, “Instead of exercising this right to teach politicians during elections, you people sometimes vote the same person, because of tribal or personal connection. This makes officials complacent to feel that the people love them.”Liberians are expected to know the roles of their lawmakers as well as those of other branches of government through their Constitution; but the Constitution has not been taught in schools or through other media outlets as required in Article 10.In the absence of such vital information, voters tend to view elected officials’ roles on the basis of sentiments rather than evaluating them on their constitutional roles.In his statement, Domah said if voters were holding elected officials to their promises by voting them out when they fail, others coming to the position would be cautious of such an example and strive to do better.“You voted me as your representative; if I fail to meet your expectations, you reserve the right to take it from me,” said Representative Domah.He challenged residents to be frank to tell their leaders the truth, and not to get people deceived by “for nothing big heads.”He said as a result of allowing leaders to go without being checks and truth telling, other incompetent people, who do not deserve a post, come with lies and flattery, to fool the people continuously.“As long as leaders are up there and you do not tell them the truth or make a decision that will affect their actions, they will control the resources and live decent lives, without being conscious that the masses are suffering,” Representative Domah continued.He said, “Leadership is more than the position occupied and less than the impact a leader makes.”He therefore cautioned the newly-elected leadership of the GLA to perform in a way that those elected officials will maintain the trust reposed in them by the people of the clan.GLA elected officers raise hands as Sup. Cooper inducts them into officeDomah called on GLA president Ernest Duo Harris to avoid activities that will delay support to projects earmarked for implementation.The GLA is currently undertaking a building project on its school campus near Garwonpa Town; residents are rallying to generate funds for the project.Representative Domah contributed L$150,000 towards the Gbehyi project, and promised to donate unspecified building materials as the project is ongoing.The induction officer, Nimba County Superintendent David Dorr Cooper, commended the leadership and Gbehyi people for not waiting on the government for development, but always initiating their own projects and underwriting the costs.He told GLA president Ernest Harris not to see himself as a lord for the people of the nine towns of Gbehyi, but that he should limit his desire and boastfulness so as to look back to people who elected him to the position.Superintendent Cooper contributed US$250 and 50 bags of cement towards the project.In his acceptance statement shortly after the induction ceremony, Mr. Harris, having seen a gap of disunity in the new administrative district setup that divides Gbehyi Clan, expressed the need to bring back people of the clan together as it was before the civil war (1989-2003).Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
By Saturday, more than a half-million acres would be gone, 1,700 homes destroyed, with the damage surpassing $1billion. Stunned homeowners who just last weekend were setting out Halloween decorations and watching football would find themselves sifting through kindling and ash, mumbling things like: This used to be my kitchen. This used to be my bedroom. This used to be ? Even a week after it all started, several thousand would remain evacuated as blazes burned on relentlessly. There would be questions about prevention in the midst of persistent drought, lack of preparation in a fire-plagued state and whether resources were put to use as fast as possible. But first, before all of that, came the winds. They were different, undoubtedly, although no one could have predicted just how deadly and destructive. Gonsalves is a man who usually takes things in stride, especially the weather, perhaps because he knows it so well. He knows how easily a fire can kick up when the winds get going, and computer models at work had predicted a nasty Santa Ana for days. And so, when he stepped out of church last Sunday morning and sniffed smoke, he was hardly surprised. “It’s begun,” he thought. “Here we go again.” The surprise came hours later, when Gonsalves arrived home from the gym and turned on the news. Fires – plural – were everywhere: The Ranch Fire, sparked at 9:42p.m. the night before, racing through 500 acres some 50 miles northwest of Los Angeles. The Canyon Fire, ignited at 4:50a.m. in Malibu, forcing 1,500 people – even Hollywood’s elite – to evacuate. The Harris Fire, begun at 9:23a.m. southeast of San Diego, exploding to 500 acres in just over three hours. The Witch Creek Fire, burning at 12:37 p.m. in a mountain town northeast of San Diego, consuming 3,000 acres in two hours. At the Weather Service office in the San Diego suburb of Rancho Bernardo, Gonsalves’ colleagues watched as satellite images showed plume after plume of smoke roaring over a swath of Southern California. Their computers are programmed to display wildfire hot spots as little red squares. Red squares seemed to cover the lower half of the state. By evening, the forecasters had to shut off the air conditioning to stop smoke from seeping into the office. Back at home, on his day off, Gonsalves was thinking about what to pack – just in case his own family had to flee. Sunday was an off-day for Zeulner, as well. He, too, had gone to church, near his home in San Luis Obispo, and was having lunch when he got word: “You guys are going.” A battalion chief with the city fire department, Zeulner commands a 20-member strike team that operates five Type 1 fire engines, ideal for defending homes and structures. The team, when called upon, can be dispatched anywhere. They were summoned to the Ranch Fire, to help protect homes in the tiny citrus-growing village of Piru. “Immediate need,” Zeulner had been told. In other words: Get there fast. By 2 p.m., the caravan of engines was on the road, Zeulner monitoring AM radio for fire updates. The 33-year veteran was alarmed by what he heard. Winds were gusting from 60 to 80 mph; in some places, they exceeded 100mph. “That’s hurricane force,” thought Zeulner, who knew from experience that anything over 60mph was unusual during Santa Ana season. When the team arrived at the fire, they were told to bed down and be ready to work at dawn the next day. Zeulner set up camp in a park under the smoky sky, but rest was hard to come by. His sleeping bag rocked back and forth throughout the night, the mighty winds tossing him about like a leaf. Crane awoke early Monday and looked at the clock: 4 a.m. He smelled smoke coming through his bedroom window, but when he got up to shut it, he heard something on the street below. A car honking, he thought. He peered outside. Rancho Bernardo’s Lancashire Way, Crane’s home for 20 years, looked like an erupting volcano. “We gotta go!” he yelled to his wife, Sherry, still in bed. “Now!” Their neighbor’s wooden fence was ablaze, the palm trees in front of that house igniting like matchsticks. Glowing embers shot horizontally across the street. To the north and east, a line of flames lit up the ridge near a subdivision called The Trails. To the south, Battle Mountain, directly behind Crane’s home, went up like a Roman candle. Terrified neighbors roused one another with phone calls and knocks on the door, driving past police officers who cruised a nearby street, shouting through bullhorns, “Evacuate! Now!” Elsewhere across San Diego County, reverse 911 calls alerted residents to fires that had gone out of control overnight. In a day, the Witch Creek Fire grew from 3,000 acres to 30,000, eating through the communities of Rancho Bernardo, Escondido, Rancho Santa Fe, Poway – taking out multimillion-dollar estates and modest ranch homes. The biggest evacuation in California state history was just getting started. Some 560,000 would be forced from their homes in San Diego County alone. Qualcomm Stadium, home to the NFL’s San Diego Chargers, was opened to evacuees in a scene reminiscent of Hurricane Katrina. The Del Mar Fairgrounds and schools housed others. At the Weather Service office, Gonsalves arrived just after 6 a.m. to start his regular shift. He saw the smoke hanging low out the window, the line of cars snaking down West Bernardo Drive. Three hours later, the forecasters received a reverse 911. They, too, packed up and decamped. By nightfall, more than 500 homes had already been destroyed in San Diego County. Two fires that began just that day in the mountain vacation haven of Lake Arrowhead would destroy 300 more. Elsewhere across California, more than a dozen fires were now burning, incinerating 374 square miles in seven counties. And Monday afternoon, this warning from the Weather Service: “Strong winds are expected to redevelop tonight.” The wrath of the Santa Anas was far from over. All the chatter on the radio was about San Diego. But Zeulner and his crew had their own firefight to deal with – for 4 hours Tuesday afternoon near Piru, after a blowing ember landed in steep vegetation. They had spent much of their time doing structure protection: clearing away brush and moving wood piles stacked next to wood-sided homes, work homeowners themselves should have done in this drought-stricken state. The Ranch Fire, 1,000 acres when Zeulner first got the assignment, had grown to almost 40,000. But he was proud that his crew had yet to lose a home. In San Diego, Crane couldn’t say the same. Tuesday, watching the news with his son at a friend’s house where they’d taken refuge, he saw a reporter walking up and down Lancashire Way. Flames still burned from the remnants of some houses. “Twenty-five homes, on this one block ? have burned to the ground,” the reporter was saying. And, then, he started reading off house numbers. For a moment, Crane and his son thought they didn’t hear 18626. Then: “635 ? 629 ? 626 ?” the reporter said. “Now we know,” Crane said. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! INFERNO: Weather and fire veterans quickly realized they had entered a perilous time. By Pauline Arrillaga THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SAN DIEGO – They know what the winds can do. They forecast them. Fight the fires the winds fan. Ready for evacuations that, in years past, never came. They thought they knew, until seven days of fury began a week ago. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.From almost the beginning, this Santa Ana was different somehow. Meteorologist Philip Gonsalves recognized it when he saw the smoke through the picture windows of the National Weather Service station in Rancho Bernardo, closing in on the office itself. He had helped forecast the tempest: an ominous combination of strong gusts, low humidity and soaring temperatures. In weather speak: red flag fire conditions. Fire Battalion Chief Tom Zeulner understood it, too, when en route to his first blaze of the week, his wife called to tell him five more had begun. Dan Crane thought it was “situation normal,” his words for the Santa Ana fire season that torments Californians every October through February, when blustery winds blow out of the desert. He’s lived through a half-century of them, and never once had to evacuate – not even during the two-week onslaught of 2003, when fires burned 750,000 acres and killed 22 people. This time, he awoke to neighbors honking and smoke wafting through his windows.
23 March 2010Durban may be a host city for the upcoming 2010 Fifa World Cup™, but last week it hosted a football tournament with a difference, with street children from eight countries congregating in the coastal city to battle it out against each other.Vincent Khumalo (16) ran away from home in Johannesburg when he developed a drinking and smoking habit that led him to thieving. After roaming the streets of Durban, he was introduced to the Umthombo Foundation, where he started playing football. Today he plays for the South African street child team, and dreams of becoming an engineer.Vincent is just one of over 100 children from eight countries, including India, Brazil, Tanzania, Ukraine, Nicaragua, Philippines, the UK and South Africa, that took part in the first ever seven-a-side Street Child World Championship at the Durban University of Technology (DUT) in Durban from 15 to 21 March.The week-long tournament, organised by UK Human Rights organisation Amos Trust, followed the groundbreaking work of the Durban-based Umthombo Foundation and was a celebration of the potential of street children, if they’re given a chance.Football changing livesAnd with the World Cup around the corner, it served as an example for South Africa of how football can change lives.The championship has elicited significant attention and support, with former England Captain David Beckham, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, and Ukrainian striker Andriy Shevchenko among those who officially endorsed the event as a means to provide a platform for the rights of street children to be heard.According to Tom Hewitt, CEO of Umthombo, the world championship was created as a way of getting the plight of street children into the public arena.“Street children across the globe remains a peripheral issue with regards to development, and we thought that this could be a platform to bring the issue out into the mainstream as a development issue.”Hewitt said that the decision to host the tournament in South Africa came as a result of the country playing host to the Fifa World Cup in South Africa. He added that the Championship is to happen every four years, with the next one to be held in Rio de Janiero in Brazil in 2014.‘Our stories are alike’Vincent Khumalo really enjoyed the tournament experience. “Meeting these other children helps me a lot because our stories are alike,” Khumalo said. “I also think to myself that if I get a second chance, I must go back to school, and not make the same mistakes I made.”Street child Dennis David (15) from Tanzania said that he never imagined there would be street children in other parts of the world. The small lad said the tournament showed people that street children are capable.“People normally look at street children and think they can do nothing … but this tournament will show that we can do amazing things. I want to become a professional footballer and play for Tanzania one day at the World Cup … and win it,” he said with a smile.David ran away from home after suffering abuse from this stepmother, but counsellors have been working to get him to reintegrate with his family, and he is due to rejoin his family after the tournament.Marsh Sylvestres, who coaches the Tanzanian street child team and who also coaches the Tanzanian U17 team, agreed that football helped their shattered confidence.“Now they are able to look at the future and they feel they’re human beings,” Syvestres said.Source: 2010 Fifa World Cup South Africa Organising Committee
Over 1.2-billion people live in the dark, and Gigaba said that if people do not begin to save they may never know the benefits of internet access, medical technology or just sheer light and warmth. Many South African youth are heavily dependent on energy-consuming appliances to simply survive during winter, but Gigaba encouraged them to find other ways to stay warm, such as wrapping themselves in a blanket and a hot water bottle. “Energy efficiency is as simple as adapting to what 49M urges, and that is doing more with less,” he said. “Influencing parents to switch off the geyser during peak hours and not leaving the fridge door open for longer than necessary puts less strain on them when having to foot the electricity bill at the end of the month.” He also reminded them to spread the message to their families and peers to “flick that switch” when leaving the room. SAinfo reporter 1 August 2012 South Africa’s 49m energy efficiency campaign is enlisting the help of the country’s youth in saving electricity, with Public Enterprises Minister Malusi Gigaba hosting a youth dialogue workshop in Johannesburg on Tuesday. The 49m campaign – an Eskom initiative so named to reflect the population of the country – was launched in March last year by Gigaba and Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe as a response to the country’s constrained power system, climate change, the recent economic downturn, and rising electricity costs. The campaign encourages individuals and corporates to lead energy-smart lifestyles to help save the planet and their pockets. “The Y-Generation has power to influence change if each and every one of them could realise their power,” Gigaba said at Tuesday’s session at the Hyatt Hotel in Rosebank. It formed part of an initiative of Johannesburg-based radio station YFM – which holds regular monthly sessions with young leaders who are key influencers in their communities – in partnership with 49m.‘Break away from energy-dependent mindset’ In his address, Gigaba urged young South Africans to break away from an energy-dependent mindset that is fast becoming obsolete. “Energy inefficiency is no longer a sign of wealth or power, instead it has been associated with irresponsibility to its far-reaching negative effects,” he said.
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The EcoDrain is a wastewater heat recovery device that replaces a section of horizontal drain pipe. The devices enables heat from water flowing down the drain to be transferred to cold water flowing toward a shower valve.David Velan of EcoDrain paid us a visit here at South Mountain so my colleague Brice Delhougne and I could see his product firsthand. A few years ago David got interested in capturing the waste heat in shower water and other hot waste water. Others have done that (PowerPipe) but they have been limited to applications where the vertical heat exchanger, usually 4 to 6 feet long, can fit, and still be higher than the wastewater outlet from the building.EcoDrain’s innovation is a wastewater heat exchanger that can be mounted horizontally.In the photo above, you can see the inlet and outlet, which are 2-inch-diameter PVC, and the side taps for the inlet and outlet for the potable water. The unit is about 56 inches long. The flow is countercurrent: the wastewater on top flows one way, and the potable water below flows in the opposite direction and picks up heat across the copper interface. Depending on the relative flow rates, and the pitch of the unit, the EcoDrain recovers 30-45% of the energy in the wastewater.David went through many evolutions before arriving at his product. It has a double-wall heat exchanger configuration that should satisfy codes (the product has a UPC acceptance) and square section tubes on the potable water side to maximize heat exchange contact area. The upper portion of the unit is PVC and is smooth to minimize any buildup of solids. The photo at left shows a cross section. Let’s do some Marc’s Sloppy Math. Say a family uses 30 gallons/day of shower water and 1/3 of that energy is recovered. That’s about 625 kWh/year. At $0.20/kWh (Massachusetts residents are about to see a 30-35% rise in the supply portion of their electric bills due to last winter’s natural gas price squeeze!), that’s $125 per year. The unit costs $440, and let’s say it ends up at an installed cost of $1,000. There’s a simple 8 year payback. With natural gas this will be worse.To get 625 kWh/year from PV would take about 500 watts of panel, which costs more than the EcoDrain installed.One application David related to me is using the EcoDrain in cases where people are running out of hot water. Recovering drainwater heat effectively stretches the storage capacity of a water heater.David kindly left us with one and we’re looking for a good application, so we can monitor its performance in an actual situation. We were impressed with the iterative thoughtful engineering embodied in the product, its rugged construction, the testing EcoDrain has done to show energy recovered, and its clog-free performance. One of the EcoDrain innovations is seen in each square tube: a plastic insert designed to keep the flow highly turbulent to increase heat transfer.The bottom of the unit has a drain hole so that any leaks become obvious quickly.The unit is designed to work with very slight pitch, like a typical plumbing waste line, but it can be pitched at more severe slopes, and the increased velocity of the wastewater increases heat recovery.The unit can be plumbed so that the preheated water flows to the cold side of the shower, or to both the shower and the cold inlet of the water heater. The latter equal flow configuration will harvest the most BTUs. RELATED ARTICLES BLOGS BY MARC ROSENBAUM What We Started WithSolving Our Design ProblemsMoving to a New HouseMinisplit Heat Pumps and Zero-Net-Energy HomesPractical Design Advice for Zero-Net-Energy Homes Drainline Heat ExchangersDrain-Water Heat RecoveryRobert Dumont’s Superinsulated House in SaskatoonDrain Water Heat Recovery Gets a Boost in Ontario Marc Rosenbaum is director of engineering at South Mountain Company on the island of Martha’s Vineyard in Massachusetts. He writes a blog called Thriving on Low Carbon. Marc teaches a 10-week online Zero Net Energy Home Design course as part of NESEA’s Building Energy Master Series. You can test drive his class for free.
DefinitionFibrocystic breast disease is a common way to describe painful, lumpy breasts.Alternative NamesFibrocystic breast disease; Mammary dysplasia; Diffuse cystic mastopathy; Benign breast disease; Glandular breast changesCausesThe exact cause of the condition is not known. Hormones made in the ovaries may make a womans breasts feel swollen, lumpy, or painful before or during menstruation each month.Up to half of women have this problem at some time during their life. It is most common between the ages of 20 and 45. It is rare in women after menopause, unless they are taking estrogen.SymptomsIn most cases, symptoms get better after menopause. If you take birth control pills, you may have fewer symptoms. If you are on hormone therapy, you may have more symptoms.Symptoms are more often worse right before your menstrual period. They tend to get better after your period starts.Symptoms can include:Pain or discomfort in both breastsPain that commonly comes and goes with the period, but may last through the whole monthBreasts that feel full, swollen, and heavyPain or discomfort under the armsThick or lumpy breastsYou may have a lump in the same area of the breast that becomes larger before each period and shrinks afterward. This type of lump moves when it is pushed with your fingers. It does not feel stuck or fixed to the tissue around it. This lump is common with fibrocystic breasts.Exams and TestsYour health care provider will examine you. This will include a breast exam. Tell your doctor or nurse if you have noticed any breast changes.advertisementIf you are over 40, ask your doctor or nurse how often you should have a mammogram to screen for breast cancer. For women under 35, a breast ultrasound may be used to look more closely at breast tissue.You may need further tests if a lump was found during a breast exam or your mammogram result was abnormal. Another mammogram and breast ultrasound may be done.TreatmentWomen who have no symptoms or only mild symptoms do not need treatment.Your health care provider may recommend the following self-care measures:Take over-the-counter medicine such as acetaminophen or ibuprofenApply heat or ice on the breastWear a well-fitting or sports braSome women believe that eating less fat, caffeine, or chocolate helps with their symptoms. But there is no evidence that these measures help.Vitamin E, thiamine, magnesium, and evening primrose oil are not harmful in most cases. Studies have not shown these to be helpful. Talk with your health care provider before taking any medicine or supplement.For more severe symptoms, your health care provider may prescribe hormones, such as birth control pills or other medicine. Take the medicine exactly as instructed. Be sure to let your provider know if you have side effects from the medicine.Surgery is never done to treat this condition.Outlook (Prognosis)If your breast exams and mammograms are normal, you do not need to worry about your symptoms. Fibrocystic breast changes do not increase your risk of breast cancer. Symptoms usually improve after menopause.When to Contact a Medical ProfessionalCall your health care provider if:You find new or different lumps during your breast self examYou have newdischarge from the nipple or any discharge that is bloody or clearYou have redness or puckering of the skin, or flattening or indentation of the nippleReferencesMiltenburg DM, Speights VO Jr. Benign breast disease. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2008;35:285-300.Katz VL, Dotters D. Breast diseases: diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant disease. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz VL,eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 15.Review Date:11/15/2013Reviewed By:Debra G. Wechter, MD, FACS, General Surgery practice specializing in breast cancer, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.