WEST PALM BEACH, FLORIDA—To see a fish snag a snack can be quite impressive. Many species sneak up on unsuspecting prey and suck them in without getting very close to the tasty morsel. But suction feeding doesn’t come easily when fish first hatch. In the wild, 99% of fish larvae die. Even when the newborns are protected from predators and harsh living conditions and given access to plenty of food, 70% still succumb. The reason, researchers in Israel showed in mid-2014, is that very young fish are terrible at sucking in their food (see video above), particularly in the first day after hatching. Now, using high-speed video and analyzing hundreds of prey-catching attempts, that team has determined that larval fish fail to take in prey fast enough to swallow it. Also, water currents set up inside the mouth, sometimes pushing the prey back out, they reported here today at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. For those little fish, the water seems thick and hard to push around. In just a few days, however, the fish that do make it grow big enough to move water effectively into their mouths. So why don’t fish evolve to lay bigger eggs and hatch bigger larvae more able to swallow prey? The researchers say computer modeling suggests that there is a size trade-off: Bigger eggs might allow bigger larvae that are more likely to survive, but not the easy diffusion of oxygen the developing embryos need to survive.(Main video credit: Miri Zilka; linked video credit: Peter Wainwright, University of California, Davis)Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
Mark Abelardo. Photo from ONE ChampionshipThailand-based Mark Abelardo is eager to show the Filipino warrior in him against Daichi Takenaka of Japan in ONE: Clash of Legends on Saturday at Impact Arena in Bangkok, Thailand.Abelardo, who is fighting out of Team Quest Thailand, is born and raised in New Zealand to Filipino parents.ADVERTISEMENT Ace rider Mangosong tops MMF Supercross on borrowed bike US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss MOST READ Takenaka is also undefeated after 11 fights.“He is a well-rounded athlete capable of winning by knockout, submission or even going the distance. He is yet to taste defeat for a good reason,” he said of Takenaka.“A difficult fight is exactly what I wished for. I feel that Takenaka is the kind of opponent I needed in order to step up my level and go up the rankings in the bantamweight division. Fans will surely see fireworks between us.”Despite the tough challenge that awaits, Abelardo is eyeing for a convincing win.“The goal is to win in highlight-reel fashion, get my name out there, and represent the Philippine flag on a global stage.”ADVERTISEMENT Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town “I am based in Thailand, but I will be out to show the fans that I possess the Filipino fighting spirit that Pinoys are known for. I proudly represent the Philippines in ONE Championship,” he said.Fondly called as “Tyson” due to his punching power, Abelardo believes he ripe for the next level.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption charges“I feel ready to display the product of my hard work on the global stage. This is what I dreamed and trained for all my life, and I will make sure to make the most out of it on fight night,” he said.The 27-year-old Abelardo anticipates a back-and-forth battle against Takenaka, who is a former Shooto featherweight world champion. ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes View comments
New Delhi: The Rohit Kumar-led defending champions Bengaluru Bulls has become the most popular team amongst the 12 franchises in the Pro Kabaddi League (PKL) with an average search volume of 84,357 in 2019 on various social media platforms. But when it came to players, Patna Pirates skipper Pardeep Narwal has been the most popular player for the second year in a row as his search volume was 37,292 last year and 30,814 so far in 2019. The study was conducted by SEMrush, an online content marketing platform.Another interesting finding in the study is that the maximum search volume of the teams from the PKL in two years was 26,40,880 in July 2019. After Pardeep, the other two most popular players this year are Telugu Titans ace defender Vishal Bhardwaj and Bengaluru Bulls star raider Pawan Sehrawat.The magic of this league was highly visible on Twitter as well. “Honoured to be a part of such a special evening,” tweeted by India cricket skipper Virat Kohli is the most engaging tweet with 90,254 engagements and 86,108 favourites.Speaking on the study, Fernando Angulo, Head of Communications, SEMrush commented: “Indians are now open heartedly accepting games like Kabaddi and it is visible in the results of this study. People in India are actively searching for teams and players in the Pro Kabaddi League. Apart from Google searches, the game is also popular amongst their tweets.”However, despite being the most searched franchise, the Bulls lie at the sixth place in the team standings with 50 points and are still to seal a berth for the play-offs for this year’s edition of the league. Get the best of News18 delivered to your inbox – subscribe to News18 Daybreak. Follow News18.com on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, Telegram, TikTok and on YouTube, and stay in the know with what’s happening in the world around you – in real time. Bengal Warriorsbengaluru bullsdabang delhi kcGujarat Fortunegiants First Published: September 23, 2019, 3:34 PM IST
For a format that encourages big hits to maximise entertainment value, it was perhaps fitting that the World Twenty20 final culminated with Carlos Brathwaite blasting four sixes in a row to win it for West Indies.When the 27-year-old Barbadian’s final shot soared into the stands at a raucous Eden Gardens on Sunday, the undeniable attraction of cricket’s youngest competition was given a thumping seal of approval with a breathtaking closing sequence.”It was a stunning end to a stunning tournament that showcased the best of the modern game,” former England captain Mike Atherton wrote of his countrymen’s heartbreaking loss in his Times column on Monday.The success of the tournament will convince many that the brevity and action-packed nature of Twenty20 cricket make it the only feasible format able to break new ground and gatecrash multi-sports events such as the Olympics. (Also Read: West Indies players party at dressing-room, team bus after World T20 triumph)The sixth edition of the fast-paced extravaganza was far from flawless, however.Delays in issuing tickets and the uncertainty over venues in Delhi, which left it late to get the necessary administrative paperwork in order, and Dharamsala, deemed unsafe by Pakistan, added unwanted tension to preparations.Doubt over Pakistan’s participation lingered for months before foreign ministries and the organisers managed to cajole the 2009 champions into agreeing to play by shifting the Super 10 contest against India from Dharamsala to Kolkata.Once they eventually took to the pitch, Pakistan may have wished that negotiations had broken down completely and they had stayed at home for the entire tournament.advertisementThey managed to win just one of their four Group 2 matches before beating a hasty retreat with Shahid Afridi subsequently relinquishing his T20 captaincy in the aftermath of a dismal campaign.Australia fared little better in a competition that continues to frustrate them, failing to reach the semi-finals despite boasting of one of the most explosive batting line-ups in world cricket.Trans-Tasman rivals New Zealand peaked early, winning all of their group matches to cruise into the last four, where they surrendered meekly to an unpredictable England side.A transitional Sri Lanka’s lack of resources ensured their title defence was doomed to fail, while hosts India were dealt a knockout blow by the big-hitting West Indies in the other semi-final, despite the brilliance of a talismanic Virat Kohli.Player-of-the-tournament Kohli and his English counterpart Joe Root proved that it was possible to score freely without completely sacrificing aesthetics, even though brute strength prevailed in the end.LASTING MEMORIESAfter three weeks of intrigue and excitement, the summit clash pitted Twenty20 pioneers England, who introduced the format to the world in 2003, against its most free-spirited practitioners.Sunday’s showdown was a classic encounter and after 39.4 overs of plot twists and shifts in momentum, the men from the Caribbean triumphed in a tournament they too, almost boycotted over a rumbling pay dispute with their board.England’s fearless brand of cricket was rewarded by a surprising run to the final, completing a remarkable turnaround in white-ball fortunes after an embarrassing loss to Bangladesh at last year’s 50-overs World Cup led to an early flight home.There was also a tinge of sadness about South Africa’s habitual ability to grab defeat from the jaws of victory at global competitions that culminated in another group stage exit.Australia will host the next edition of the tournament in 2020 after it shifts from a two-year cycle to a quadrennial one, meaning the illustrious trio of AB de Villiers, Hashim Amla and Dale Steyn are likely to never play in a World Twenty20 again.While it seems like an agonisingly long wait for the next installment to arrive, lasting memories of the one just finished will remain etched in the minds of those who witnessed them for years to come.The sight of a hamstrung Angelo Mathews going above and beyond a captain’s call of duty in a heroic yet futile attempt to rescue Sri Lanka’s cause against England will probably be regarded as one of the tournament’s more defining moments.Equally as dramatic was India’s group stage victory over Bangladesh, when the hosts took three wickets off the last three balls to record a one-run win as their opponents lost discipline when a historic triumph was within easy reach.Everything, however, paled in comparison to Brathwaite’s blaze of boundaries in the last four deliveries to ensure West Indies became the first team to win the title twice.”Anyone who was here witnessed one of the great T20 matches. It was won, it was lost, then won, then lost. No side really deserved to lose it,” former England captain Nasser Hussain wrote in his Daily Mail column. advertisement
Captain David Warner slammed a fiery 50-ball 92 to set up a comfortable 15-run win for Sunrisers Hyderabad over Royal Challengers Bangalore in their Indian Premier League match on Saturday. (Scorecard)Warner hit nine fours and five sixes and shared a 124-run stand for the second wicket with Kane Williamson (50) to power Hyderabad to an imposing 194 for 5 after they were put in to bat by Bangalore following a delayed start due to rain.The hosts then returned to restrict Bangalore for 179 for 6 and notch up their fourth win in seven matches.It was RCB’s fourth loss in six matches. For Hyderabad, all the five bowlers – Ashish Nehra (1/32), Bhuvneshwar Kumar (1/36), Mustafizur Rahman (1/34), Barinder Sran (1/36) and Moises Henriques (1/40) picked up one wicket each.Chasing for the first time this season, RCB lost their first wicket when skipper Virat Kohli (14) stepped out and tried to play an uppish shot only to hand a catch to Ashish Reddy at backward point. (Full IPL Coverage)Lokesh Rahul smashed a 28-ball 51 studded with six boundaries and a six but he was dismissed by Henriques on the last ball of the 10th over when he tried to run the ball down to third man only to end up giving a catch to wicket-keeper Naman Ojha as RCB slipped to 83 for 2.AB de Villiers had conjured up hopes of a successful runchase for a brief period but he was soon caught at long-on by a diving Williamson.The South African blasted 47 runs off 32 balls with the help of three fours and two sixes.advertisementShane Watson too was back to the hut when he tried to steal a second run and Sran’s throw found him short of wicket in the 12th over.Sachin Baby (27) and Kedar Jadhav (25 not out) tried their bit but it was too little and too late in the end.Earlier, Warner played a captains knock, sharing a 124-run stand with Williamson (50) to lay the foundation for a huge score.Playing his first game in IPL-9 after recovering from an injury, Williamson was perfect foil to Warner in an innings where he blasted seven boundaries in 38 balls.Australian all-rounder Moises Henriques then provided the late charge with a 14-ball 31 laced with three sixes and a boundary to take Hyderabad close to the 200-run mark.For Bangalore, Kane Richardson picked two wickets, while Shane Watson (1/33) and Tabraiz Shamsi (1/39) snapped one each at the Rajiv Gandhi International Stadium.Opening the innings, Shikhar Dhawan (11) blasted a couple of fours off Watson and Parvez Rasool before becoming a victim of Richardson in the fourth over. Looking to work across the line, he ended up giving a catch to the bowler.However, Warner continued his rampaging form as he cracked a couple of boundaries of Richardson in the first five overs before picking up 16 runs off Harshal Patel which included two fours and a six.Varon Aaron also gave away 11 runs each in the ninth and 13th overs as Warner and Williamson clobbered him for a couple of fours.Warner exploded in the 15th over when he took Richardson to the cleaners, cracking two sixes and a four to amass 19 runs and also bring up his 100-run partnership off 65 balls with Williamson for the second wicket.It was Tabraiz Shamsi who ended Warner’s innings when he had him caught at long-off by de Villiers when the Australian looked to clear the ropes again to trigger a celebration.Williamson completed a deserving fifty in the third ball of the 17th over but he was dismissed by Watson a ball later when the New Zealand skipper tried to play a short ball over the infield and ended up giving a faint nick to wicket-keeper Lokesh Rahul.In the next over, Henriques blasted two sixes after Richardson had dismissed Naman Ojha who miscued a shot and ended up giving a simple catch to de Villiers at long-on.Henriques smashed a four and six in the next over as well to amass 14 runs to take Hyderabad to the big score. (With PTI inputs)
India’s Silver medallist in Rio Olympics, PV Sindhu, on Monday praised Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s initiative of appointing a ‘Task Force’ for the next three Olympics. Following India’s dismal show at the recently-concluded Rio Games, the PM appointed a task force to prepare an action plan for the 2020, 2024, 2028 Olympic Games.India finished 67th in the standings at the Rio Olympics, pocketing only two medals — a Silver and a Bronze. Wrestler Sakshi Malik opened India’s account when she won a Bronze medal, before Sindhu became the first woman Silver winner from the country.’GREAT IDEA’An elated Sindhu, who was conferred Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award today, termed PM Modi’s initiative as “great idea”.”Great day for me to have spoken to PM Modi. An Olympic medal and now Khel Ratna today on national sports day. Great idea, he has also assured us that if we have any ideas or suggestion we can give them. So great initiative,” Sindhu told India Today. (Sindhu, Sakshi get BMW cars)Meanwhile, boxer Shiva Thapa too thanked the Prime Minister for taking steps toward the development of the sports and sportspersons in the country.”It’s a great initiative started by the Prime Minister and I want to thank him for taking huge steps for the benefits of the athletes. This will definitely help because if you are eyeing a podium finish then preparations have to be started now,” Thapa said.VINESH PROMISES MEDAL IN 2020Vinesh Phogat, who was one of the medal hopefuls in Rio, suffered a serious right-knee injury in her second bout and was stretchered off the wrestling arena.advertisementVinesh, who was honoured with the Arjuna Award today, wants to finish the job in Tokyo in 2020. “Obviously the injury was disappointing but the kind of support and love that I got from the entire country is overwhelming. As an athlete we grow up and dream that we will perform good and will receive these awards like Arjuna and Khel Ratna.”This love and support from the country will only motivate me to come back on the mat as soon as possible. I just want Tokyo Olympics to arrive in a flash so that I can get up on my feet and complete the job,” Vinesh told India Today.
Dubai Duty Free Tennis StadiumDubai, United Arab EmiratesSurface: Hard-OutdoorSinglesFirst RoundPhilipp Kohlschreiber (6), Germany, def. Gleb Sakharov, France, 6-4, 6-2.Stefanos Tsitsipas, Greece, def. Mikhail Kukushkin, Kazakhstan, 6-2, 6-7 (5), 6-3.Robin Haase, Netherlands, def. Quentin Halys, France, 7-5, 2-6, 6-4.Roberto Bautista Agut (3), Spain, def. Fernando Mayer, Argentina, 6-3, 6-4.Marcos Baghdatis, Cyprus, def. Viktor Troicki, Serbia, 7-5, 6-2.Benoit Paire, France, def. Yoshihito Nishioka, Japan, 5-7, 6-4, 6-1.DoublesFirst RoundRichard Gasquet and Pierre-Hugues Herbert, France, def. Denis Istomin, Uzbekistan, and Daniel Nestor, Canada, 6-1, 7-6 (3).Damir Dzumhur, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Filip Krajinovic, Serbia, def. Henri Kontinen, Finland, and John Peers (1), Australia, 7-6 (4), 7-6 (2).TweetPinShare0 Shares
16 Best Action Movies on Netflix Right Now Movies have taught us a lot about flirting, dates, love, lust, and romance. Some people believe romantic movies ruin our expectations of falling and staying in love here in the real world, but 2014 research by the University of Rochester says watching rom-coms can actually help couples master relationship skills and cut divorce rates.So what if mushy movies have given your crush great expectations on how you’ll act? At least you can learn how they want to be wooed (i.e. a surprise rendition of “Can’t Take My Eyes Off Of You” on the bleachers).Will the Casablanca pick-up line, “Was that cannon fire, or is my heart pounding?” work on every random crush in a bar? Probably not, but here is the ultimate do’s and don’t of datings from movies that can teach us how to successful woo someone and fall in love.We analyzed 33 movies for the best and worst advice on how to flirt and fall in love. Our advice from films like Pretty Woman, Say Anything, You’ve Got Mail, and more.DOS1. Master the art of your come-hither look and rely on glances as much as words. Learn from the best: Mickey Rourke in the scintillating flick 9 1/2 Weeks. These looks are powerful, people.2. Get their attention. Combine a coy smile with diligent and charming pursuit a la Ryan Gosling in The Notebook. Getting their attention also means keeping it by being playful and persistent. When a person shows up frequently in your life, it feels like you’re meant to be together. Your crush also wants to know they’re worth the chase. Be proactive (not necessarily hanging from a Ferris wheel), because a lazy guy is beyond unattractive.3. Fall for your best friend. The 2002 movie Brown Sugar taught us that long, enduring relationships are born first from friendships and to be actively involved in your crush’s career development and success.4. Teach them a new skill. Flex your expertise and show your crush how to throw a baseball, bowl, or, in the case of Patrick Swayze, dance. Dirty Dancing showed us that a man with talent is hot, especially if he has the patience to teach with a soft but strong hand.5. Bring flowers. Send flowers. The point is: flowers. Copy Matthew McConaughey in How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days and have a bouquet sent to their work. Flowers are always surprising, always wanted, and will make you stand out from the pack. One tip: Don’t send red roses, that’s too intense.6. Never stop dating and never stop coming up with inventive dates, much like Adam Sandler in 50 First Dates. Moreover, plan dates without the expectation of getting anything in return except their company.7. Always bring candy, especially if you know their favorite brand. Mark Ruffalo and Jennifer Garner sucking on Razzles in 13 Going on 30 while swinging is the cutest, they-have-to-be-together date. Take notes.8. Show your kindness. Having a short fuse or being mean to strangers during a date is a surefire way to appear unattractive or beastly if you will. There’s a reason Belle didn’t like the Beast when they first met and it wasn’t because of his hair. Beauty and the Beast teaches us that if you show your real, kind personality even a mane of back hair is handsome.9. Be a handyman. When Johnny Depp fixes that door in the drama/romance Chocolat, he not only bonds with his crush but shows how hands-on and useful he is in small everyday chores. That. Is. Sexy. Plus, once you lend a hand, you usually get a sweet treat in return.10. Sing them a song (especially if you’re bad at singing). Surprise your crush with a song in an untraditional location. This is one of those big, bold moves you almost only see in the movies, which makes it all the more powerful in real life. Take cues from Say Anything, The Wedding Singer, and 10 Things I Hate About You.11. Whisper. Remember that final whisper between Bill Murray and Scarlett Johansson in Lost in Translation? While their romance was platonic, there was nonetheless a deep, meaningful connection between the two, sealed tighter by the exchange of a few words only they know. Keep some things between the two of you.12. Let the tension build. When strangers Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert are forced to share a room in It Happened One Night, so ensues an adorable, semi-cheeky scene of them changing behind sheets to maintain modesty in such close, intimate quarters. This restraint boosts their passion, so hold back until you both can’t stand it anymore.13. Believe in their ability to be more than their upbringing. We look for love in people who see something greater for ourselves. In Bonnie and Clyde, Clyde takes Bonnie away from her Depression-era life and she falls in love with him because he believes she deserves bigger. The lesson: Show your crush that you see their potential. But refrain from robbing banks.14. Date with a young heart and keep dating as you get old and wrinkly. i.e. Meryl Street and Clint Eastwood in The Bridges of Madison County. Love and flirtation do not have an age limit.15. Kiss like Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh in Gone With the Wind. Vintage film kisses are the best; full of passion and embrace. Lose the tongue, dude.16. Make an effort to bond with their parents, even if they hate you at first. Big nod to Kumail Nanjiani from The Big Sick.17. Pass notes. Romeo + Juliet got a lot wrong when it comes to romance (don’t pretend to kill yourself to scorn your parents), but what they got right was the practice of passing secret notes. Keep the messages short, honest, and rely on the literary experts if you need the right words.18. Be a bit unreachable. In other words, flee to the mansion castle like Edward Scissorhands. To an extent, it helps when your crush has to do some chasing as well. Once you become temporarily unreachable, it will prompt them to meet you half way.19. Remember relationships and people are a little f***ed up. Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind taught us the important lesson that relationships come with ups and downs, and there’s no use trying to avoid them. Also, to remain unique and not try to change the other person or yourself to become one singular entity. Let people have their problems.DON’TS1. Don’t catfish your crush via email like Tom Hanks in You’ve Got Mail.2. Don’t ask your crush to attend your wedding if you still have feelings for them. Ahem, My Best Friend’s Wedding.3. Don’t force them to dinner with your parents (via kidnapping) or do anything Vincent Gallo does in Buffalo ‘66.4. Don’t pretend to be the opposite sex to get “in” with your crush like they do in Some Like it Hot and Tootsie.5. Don’t mislead them into thinking you’re a millionaire as Charlie Chaplin does in City Lights, even if it is by accident.6. Don’t bond over negatives as in the Silver Linings Playbook. Sure, liking the same Netflix shows is a plus but pursuing someone because you both are depressed does not a healthy relationship make.7. Don’t seduce someone a lot younger like Mrs. Robinson in The Graduate. It’s just icky. It doesn’t matter if the older party is man or woman, there’s an inherent power discrepancy in play that is not OK. Another example of this would be Lolita … which if you know the story is a big, fat don’t.8. Don’t bribe your crush with money like Richard Gere in Pretty Woman.9. Don’t harass your secretary or try to date anyone from work like James Spader in Secretary or Eddie Murphy in Boomerang. Some may think it’s hot, but air on the side of respect and wait until a nice date to pull out the spanking tools.10. No offense, but don’t offer to wait in the freezing water if both of you can fit or take shifts on the plank of wood. Share the door, Rose! Titanic. 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He noted that key developments over the years, including the railway system, sugar refineries, reservoirs and water systems, and power plants are, to a great extent, attributable to the skills of engineers. Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness, has lauded the country’s engineers, noting that they play a vital role in nation-building. Story Highlights “It is, therefore, imperative that we recognise and acknowledge the role and efforts of past [and present] engineers who, through their dedication, skill and discipline, have made our lives easier, more connected and more productive. It is by celebrating this rich heritage that we can engineer and shape our future,” Mr. Holness said. Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness, has lauded the country’s engineers, noting that they play a vital role in nation-building.He noted that key developments over the years, including the railway system, sugar refineries, reservoirs and water systems, and power plants are, to a great extent, attributable to the skills of engineers.“It is, therefore, imperative that we recognise and acknowledge the role and efforts of past [and present] engineers who, through their dedication, skill and discipline, have made our lives easier, more connected and more productive. It is by celebrating this rich heritage that we can engineer and shape our future,” Mr. Holness said.His remarks were delivered by Urban Development Corporation (UDC) Chairman, Senator Ransford Braham, at the opening ceremony for activities to mark Engineers’ Week 2018, at The Knutsford Court Hotel, New Kingston, on Monday (September 17).The Jamaica Institution of Engineers (JIE) is observing the week from September 16 to 22 under the theme ‘Engineering our Future through Celebrating our Heritage’.Mr. Holness said Jamaica’s growth trajectory requires, among other things, a strong cadre of engineers, who are equipped with the requisite understanding, attitude and abilities to apply their skills in ensuring a vibrant economy.In this regard, he welcomed the recent opening of the Faculty of Engineering at the University of the West Indies (UWI) Mona campus in response to this growing demand for local engineers.The Prime Minister, in his speech, noted that in today’s world it is even more imperative that the implementation of innovative engineering solutions help to ensure economic growth and secure development for Jamaicans.Engineering, he argued, targets systematic approaches to problem-solving, “whether those have to do with building a bridge or informing public policy”.“I call upon all of us to commit to finding common solutions, through synergies, to continue to advance the pace of our development,” he urged.Mr. Holness praised the JIE for its annual celebration of Engineers’ Week and for being the voice of the local engineering profession.He noted that the observance serves to “successfully promote the exchange of technical, scientific and professional knowledge and engineering innovation, to better serve the interests and welfare of members of the engineering profession, the public in Jamaica and the wider Caribbean”.For his part, JIE President, Dwight Ricketts, said Engineers’ Week is the entity’s flagship event to highlight and promote the profession.Urban Development Corporation (UDC) Chairman, Senator Ransford Braham (second right), and Jamaica Institution of Engineers (JIE) President, Dwight Ricketts (right), view items on display at a booth mounted by Quality Plus Contracting Company Limited at the opening ceremony for the JIE Engineers’ Week 2018 at The Knutsford Court Hotel, New Kingston, on Monday (September 17). Senator Braham represented Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness. Also pictured are Quality Plus Sales and Marketing Executive, Rohan Facey (second left); and Contract Administrator, Kayona Blake. Engineers’ Week 2018 is being observed from September 16 to 22 under the theme ‘Engineering our Future through Celebrating our Heritage’.He gave “unwavering commitment” on behalf of the JIE members to deliver the highest possible standards of engineering in Jamaica, adding that “it’s something which we take very seriously”.Chairman of the Professional Engineers Registration Board, Omar Sweeney, emphasised the need for all practising engineers to ensure that “we retain the highest standards” as they contribute to the country’s growth agenda.Urban Development Corporation (UDC) Chairman, Senator Ransford Braham (second left), is shown a device by Manager of Corporate Training, Ultrasound Solutions, Tom Murphy (left), following the opening ceremony for the Jamaica Institution of Engineers (JIE) Engineers’ Week 2018 at The Knutsford Court Hotel, New Kingston, on Monday (September 17). Senator Braham represented Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness. Also looking on are Chairman, Professional Engineers Registration Board, Omar Sweeney (second right); and JIE President, Dwight Ricketts.Engineers’ Week kicked off with a thanksgiving service at St. Jude’s Anglican Church, Stony Hill, and will feature a series of workshops focusing on energy and technology; infrastructure and climate change; maintenance engineering and management; and contract administration and procurement, and a student bridge building competition.The week culminates on September 22 with a site visit to the South Jamaica Power Company’s 190-megawatt plant, being built in Old Harbour Bay, St. Catherine.
Nova Scotians will have access to two new cancer drugs, Health Minister Chris d’Entremont announced today, July 13, including one that will increase the cure rate of colorectal cancer after surgery. “I know many Nova Scotians will be helped by these two drugs and, on the advice of the experts who treat cancer, I am supporting public funding starting Aug. 1,” said Mr. d’Entremont. In the month of June, the 23-member Cancer Systemic Therapy Policy Committee, which includes oncologists, pharmacists and cancer survivors, reviewed three drugs. The committee, which provides the Department of Health with advice on what cancer drugs should qualify for public funding has recommended funding for Oxaliplatin, a drug that treats colorectal cancer, and Mab Campath, a drug that treats chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The committee also recommended the province not publicly fund Avastin. When taken with other cancer drugs, Oxaliplatin, can treat colorectal patients after surgery and prevent the disease from progressing. About 700 people in Nova Scotia develop colorectal cancer each year. Based on the economics and new evidence they reviewed, Avastin does not offer the same potential as the new drug Oxaliplatin in early stages of cancer. The committee’s mandate includes reviewing significant new evidence that comes forward. “These are tough, difficult choices that have to be made, and I empathize with every person impacted by this,” said Mr. d’Entremont. “There are no easy answers when it comes to health care funding but I thank the committee for its diligence in reviewing these drugs and helping us make our decisions.” To date, the committee has recommended the province fund five new cancer drugs including, Herceptin, Velcade, Rituxin, Oxaliplatin and Mab Campath, at an annual cost of about $7.5 million. In 2006-07 the province invested $23 million in new cancer drugs for Nova Scotians. On average, the annual cost of drugs for treating cancer has increased by 22 per cent a year. The estimated cost to provide Avastin was about $3.6 million a year. “Unfortunately, no government can afford to pay for every new drug that comes to market,” said Mr. d’Entremont. “This is why we rely on the expertise of the committee that reviews evidence and economics within an ethical framework to decide which cancer drugs should be funded.” For more information about the advisory committee, and the cost of cancer drugs in Nova Scotia, see the Department of Health website at www.gov.ns.ca/health .
The stars were out on Tuesday for Hollywood Stands Up To Cancer, presented by the Entertainment Industry Foundation (EIF) and chaired by Jim Toth and Reese Witherspoon, to celebrate the executives at ABC, CBS, NBC, FOX, and the numerous cable networks who donate the airtime for Stand Up To Cancer’s (SU2C) roadblock fundraisers.Christina Aguilera attends Hollywood Stands Up To Cancer EventCredit/Copyright: Charley Gallay/Getty Images for Entertainment Industry FoundationEmcee for the night was Conan O’Brien, and guests included Sasha Alexander, Jessica Alba, Drew Barrymore and Will Kopelman, Justin Bartha, Lily Collins, Zooey Deschanel, Chris Evans, Jesse Tyler Ferguson, Selena Gomez, Neil Patrick Harris, Anne Hathaway, Joshua Jackson and Diane Kruger, Ken Jeong, Anna Kendrick, Heidi Klum, Maria Menounos, Alyssa Milano, Gwyneth Paltrow and Chris Martin, Katy Perry, Alan Ritchson, Emma Roberts, along with MLB Commissioner Allan H. “Bud” Selig and his wife, Sue Selig, the co-founders of Stand Up To Cancer.Reese Witherspoon attends Hollywood Stands Up To Cancer EventCredit/Copyright: Stefanie Keenan/Getty Images for Entertainment Industry FoundationSpecial musical performances included Christina Aguilera, Jamie Foxx and John Mayer.Heidi Klum attends Hollywood Stands Up To Cancer EventCredit/Copyright: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images for Entertainment Industry FoundationAt the event, Stand Up To Cancer announced The Jim Toth Sr. Breakthrough Lung Cancer Research Award in honor of Toth’s father who passed away from lung cancer. A major new collaboration between SU2C and The American Cancer Society (ACS) was announced, with the first significant research project focusing on lung cancer. Bristol-Myers Squibb is also becoming an SU2C donor, and will support that “Dream Team.” The event also saluted the scientists and doctors conducting SU2C-funded research; SU2C’s scientific partner, the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR); along with SU2C founding donor Major League Baseball and Commissioner Bud Selig & Sue Selig.Selena Gomez attends Hollywood Stands Up To Cancer EventCredit/Copyright: Michael Buckner/Getty Images for Entertainment Industry FoundationThe event was produced by Yifat Oren & Associates in collaboration with the Entertainment Industry Foundation. Musical director for the evening was Rickey Minor.
Amber BernardAPTN NewsIt was another big day in Ottawa Wednesday as Gerald Butts, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s closest friend and former advisor, testified before the justice committee looking into the SNC-Lavalin affair.Along with Butts, Michael Wernick, clerk of the Privy Council Office made his second appearance.All of this follows last week’s testimony of former Justice minister and Attorney General Jody Wilson-Raybould.Five things Canada learned at the justice committee from Butts, Drouin (Gerald Butts at the Justice Committee on Wednesday)Five things we heard Wednesday as the House of Commons justice committee heard from Gerald Butts, former principal secretary to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, as well as Privy Council clerk Michael Wernick and deputy justice minister Nathalie Drouin.The committee is trying to determine whether the Prime Minister’s Office improperly pushed former attorney general Jody Wilson-Raybould to head off a trial of SNC-Lavalin for fraud and bribery by ordering prosecutors to negotiate a remediation agreement with the company.The cabinet shuffleButts said the only reason Trudeau shuffled his cabinet in January was that Scott Brison quit politics. Trudeau didn’t want another shuffle and wanted to keep it as small as possible. Butts said Trudeau needed an experienced minister replacing Brison as president of the Treasury Board and was concerned about choosing a new Nova Scotia minister without alienating other Nova Scotia MPs. SNC-Lavalin was not a consideration, he said.“If Minister Brison had not resigned, Minister Wilson-Raybould would still be minister of justice today,” said Butts. “That is a fact. And facts are stubborn things.”In his account, Trudeau and his aides chose Jane Philpott for Treasury Board because she was already the vice-chair of the Treasury Board and capable. Her move left an opening at Indigenous Services.Butts said Trudeau decided to offer Indigenous Services to Wilson-Raybould because he wanted to signal to Indigenous communities that the file was still of incredible importance to him. Trudeau also felt there were many lawyers in caucus who could be justice minister.Wilson-Raybould said no because she had spent her entire life opposing the Indian Act and she would not become the minister applying it.Butts acknowledged that had he had more time to think about the shuffle, he would have realized that would be her response. But he advised Trudeau that he couldn’t set a precedent for a minister to refuse to be shuffled, and therefore they moved Wilson-Raybould to Veterans Affairs.Decision-making timelineDeputy justice minister Nathalie Drouin said her department was made aware on Sept. 4 that the director of public prosecutions had decided SNC-Lavalin was not eligible for a remediation agreement. Her office immediately began preparing a document to advise Wilson-Raybould _ who was in Fiji until Sept. 12 _ of her options and obligations.She could ask the director of public prosecutions for more information about the decision to proceed with a criminal trial rather than a remediation agreement, appoint another prosecutor to reassess the matter, or take over the prosecution personally. If she deemed an agreement appropriate, the attorney general would then appoint another agent to negotiate it.Drouin said on Sept. 6 or 7 she was told by Wilson-Raybould’s policy adviser, Emma Carver, that Wilson-Raybould was “not keen” on any of those possibilities.On Sept. 11, Drouin was informed in an email that Wilson-Raybould would not intervene. Drouin also said a day later, on Sept. 12, she was informed the director of public prosecutions was still talking to SNC-Lavalin, which indicated to Drouin that the decision not to proceed to a remediation agreement was not final.Liberal MPs on the committee appeared intent on suggesting that Wilson-Raybould made her decision too quickly and then refused any further advice or information.First signs of concernDrouin said Wilson-Raybould told her on Sept. 18 that she had been uncomfortable with a conversation she had with Trudeau and Privy Council clerk Wernick the day before.Wilson-Raybould testified last week that Trudeau mentioned that he was a Quebec MP and that concerns about the Quebec election were also raised, which she felt were political interference in the case of an important Montreal-based company.Drouin told the committee that at the end of October, the Privy Council Office asked her department for an opinion on the potential impacts for SNC-Lavalin if the prosecution resulted in a criminal conviction.Her department prepared the report, which she said constituted legal advice, but before sending the report to the Privy Council Office, Drouin consulted Wilson-Raybould.“I was instructed not to send it,” said Drouin.Briefing up the new justice ministerLast week Wilson-Raybould told the committee her former chief of staff, Jessica Prince, was told before the cabinet shuffle that Drouin had been asked by the Privy Council Office to prepare to brief a new minister of justice on the SNC-Lavalin file. The implication was that the SNC-Lavalin file was top of mind for Trudeau in his selection of and orders to the new minister.Drouin indicated that SNC-Lavalin was just one of a host of issues she was asked to include in briefing notes. She said Wernick indicated the primary need was to cover the roles and responsibilities of the minister of justice and attorney general. He also said Indigenous files were critical because Trudeau might invite the new minister to attend meetings with Indigenous leaders the following week. The SNC-Lavalin situation was one of another list of issues, which Drouin said was proper.He said/she saidWilson-Raybould said last week she told Butts on Dec. 5 that the “barrage of people hounding me and my staff” was inappropriate. She said Butts told her she “needed to find a solution on the SNC stuff.” She also said her chief of staff, Prince, was “urgently summoned” to a meeting with Butts and Trudeau’s chief of staff, Katie Telford, on Dec. 18, where Prince was told by Butts that there was no solution on SNC-Lavalin “that does not involve some interference.”In Butts’s version of the Dec. 5 dinner, Wilson-Raybould asked if he had a view on the file and they talked briefly of asking a retired Supreme Court justice for advice. He has “no memory” of her asking him to reprimand staff and says at no point did she suggest anyone had done anything wrong.Butts also said the Dec. 18 meeting was not urgent and that all Prince was told was that he couldn’t see how seeking advice from someone like former Supreme Court chief justice Beverley McLachlin constituted political firstname.lastname@example.org files from the Canadian Press
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – Registration is now open for the 6th Annual Spark Women’s Leadership Conference.This program is designed for the professional development needs of the women in the Peace Country.According to event organizers, this year’s theme is ‘Shift Up and Fuel’ and is to reflect the shifting energy that all women seek at some point in their lives. This conference will provide quality education and take away tools that will assist in communication, business development, personal branding, and leadership.Some of the program sessions will include topics such as silencing your self-doubt and building connection over complacency.Registration per woman is $375.00 before March 31 and $425.00 after March 31.Group pricing is also available.The Spark Women’s Leadership Conference is taking place on May 15 and 16, 2019 at the Pomeroy Hotel & Conference Centre.For more information and to register, you can visit sharingthespark.com.
OTTAWA — Federal parties have spent weeks laying the foundations for their campaign and the promises they intend to make to address a suite of issues they believe are at the tops of voters’ minds.You’ve likely already heard references to what is to come: The cost of living is too high, so we’ll make it easier for you to manage your household budget; climate change needs to be addressed, and we’ll make sure that happens.You may have heard some specifics, particularly when it comes to balancing the federal budget — and how it won’t be possible in the life of one government. The Canadian Press But with polls suggesting the New Democrats are running well behind the Liberals and Tories, the platform may simply be full of promises the party won’t be in a position to keep.The Liberals have avoided pre-election public promises, instead providing hints of what will come in their platform — including funding to create a national pharmacare program. The Liberals are also reportedly going to pledge action on mobile and internet bills, trying to sideswipe the New Democrats.The Canadian Press will keep track of promises made by the federal political during the official campaign ahead of the Oct. 21 election. With the official start of the campaign, parties will lay out their platforms and spending promises, with the parliamentary budget office on deck to check their estimates of costs and revenues. The PBO has already started, with a look at an NDP promise to tax the very rich to fund broader public health-care coverage.The Conservatives have laid out some of their environmental promises, including scrapping the Liberal government’s carbon tax and making big industrial emitters invest in green technology or face monetary consequences.The party has also vowed to scrap new standards requiring the use of cleaner-burning fuels, and to create a $2,850 homeowner credit for making energy-efficiency upgrades.The New Democrats were even more ambitious in their pre-election promise-making, dropping their full platform well in advance of the campaign period.Some of it had already been public even before that, including promises to build hundreds of thousands of new affordable housing units and to cut the cost of internet and cellphone bills.Leader Jagmeet Singh has promised to raise the federal minimum wage to $15 per hour, build a train line between Montreal and Sherbrooke, and create a national cycling strategy.
Madrid-based fan groups of Boca Juniors and River Plate are preparing for the Copa Libertadores final in the city that is home to one of the largest Argentine populations outside of Argentina.Meetings are underway to mobilize Argentines from across Spain and other European countries for the second leg of the twice-postponed final on Dec. 9 at Santiago Bernabeu Stadium.Madrid was given the second leg between the Argentine archrivals on Thursday after fan violence caused the match scheduled for last weekend to be put off twice.River Plate fans attacked the Boca Juniors team bus with rocks, bottles, and wood en route to River’s stadium in Buenos Aires on Saturday and injured several Boca players.River Plate was still trying to appeal against CONMEBOL’s decision to move the match to Spain for security reasons, but it was unlikely to succeed.Having the final in Madrid has prompted mixed feelings for some local fans of Boca and River.“We all wanted this match to be played back in our stadium in Buenos Aires,” said Fabio Vides, a member of a River Plate fan group in Madrid. “It’s not going to be the same here. It’s like playing a Champions League final in a Latin American country.”Added River fan Circe Sanabria: “Think about the 70,000 fans who waited for hours inside the stadium in Buenos Aires and couldn’t watch the match. The trophy of the Copa Libertadores shouldn’t be handed to a champion in Europe.”Many in Argentina and other South America countries said it didn’t make sense to transfer to Spain the final of a tournament named after the men who helped free the American continent from European colonizers.The Spanish government was already making security plans to guarantee spectators’ safety in Madrid. Argentine laws to curb violence meant no opposing fans are allowed in football stadiums, but CONMEBOL said Boca Juniors fans would be allowed at the Bernabeu, where River Plate was the host team.It remained unclear, though, when tickets would be put on sale and who would have access to them.“That’s the main question right now,” River Plate fan Gustavo Garcia-Mansilla said. “We are just nine days away from this match. It’s not going to be easy to get a hold of one of these tickets.”The Bernabeu holds 10,000 more people than River’s stadium.More than 250,000 Argentines are believed to live in Spain, with nearly 20,000 in Madrid alone, according to the Spanish government.During the first leg of the final on Nov. 11, which ended 2-2, nearly 1,000 supporters from both teams gathered across Madrid to watch Argentina’s biggest home match since the 1978 World Cup final. Some River Plate fans marched through some of Madrid’s iconic sites, carrying flags and banners and chanting team songs.Garcia-Mansilla, an Argentine who has lived in Madrid for nearly two decades, was glad the final was in his adopted hometown.“This is like a miracle,” he said. “There will be a Boca-River match, in the final of the Copa Libertadores, in the city where I live. Not even in my wildest dreams I could have imagined this would happen. This final is a rare as Halley’s Comet, and they are bringing it to my city.”___More AP soccer: https://apnews.com/apf-Soccer and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports___Tales Azzoni on Twitter: http://twitter.com/tazzoniTales Azzoni, The Associated Press
In football, there are constant power struggles, both on and off the field: players battling players, offenses battling defenses, the passing game battling the running game, coaches battling coaches, and new ways of thinking battling old ways of thinking. And then there are kickers. Battling no one but themselves and the goalposts, they come on the field in moments most mundane and most decisive. They take all the blame when they fail, and little of the credit when they succeed. Year in and year out, just a little bit at a time, they get better. And better. And better. Until the game is completely different, and no one even noticed that kickers were one of the main reasons why.If you’ve been reading my NFL column Skeptical Football this season, you may have noticed that I write a lot about kickers. This interest has been building for a few years as I’ve watched field goals drained from long range at an ever-increasing rate, culminating in 2013, when NFL kickers made more than 67 percent of the kicks they took from 50-plus yards, giving them a record 96 such makes. There has been a lot of speculation about how kickers suddenly became so good at the long kick, ranging from performance-enhancing drugs (there have been a few possible cases) to the kickers’ special “k-balls” to more kick-friendly stadiums.So prior to the 2014 season, I set out to try to see how recently this improvement had taken place, whether it had been gradual or sudden, and whether it was specific to very long kicks or reflected improvement in kicking accuracy as a whole.What I found fundamentally changed my understanding of the game of football.1And possibly offered insight into how competitive sports can conceal remarkable changes in human capability.The complete(ish) history of NFL kickingPro Football Reference has kicking data broken down by categories (0-19 yards, 20-29, 30-39, 40-59 and 50+ yards) back to 1961. With this we can see how field goal percentage has changed through the years for each range of distances:It doesn’t matter the distance; kicking has been on a steady upward climb. If we look back even further, we can see indicators that kicking has been on a similar trajectory for the entire history of the league.The oldest data that Pro Football Reference has available is from 1932, when the eight teams in the NFL made just six field goals (it’s unknown how many they attempted). That year, kickers missed 37 of 113 extra-point attempts, for a conversion rate of 67.3 percent. The following year, the league moved the goal posts up to the front of the end zone — which led to a whopping 36 made field goals, and a skyrocketing extra-point conversion rate of 79.3 percent. With the uprights at the front of the end zone, kickers missed only 30 of 145 extra points.For comparison, those 30 missed extra-point attempts (all with the goalposts at the front of the end zone) are more than the league’s 28 missed extra-point attempts (all coming from 10 yards further out) from 2011 to 2014 — on 4,939 attempts.In 1938-39, the first year we know the number of regular field goals attempted, NFL kickers made 93 of 235 field-goal tries (39.6 percent) to go with 347 of 422 extra points (82.2 percent). In the ’40s, teams made 40.0 percent of their field goal tries (we don’t know what distances they attempted) and 91.3 percent of their XPs. In the ’50s, those numbers rose to 48.2 percent of all field goals and 94.8 percent of XPs. The ’60s must have seemed like a golden era: Kickers made 56 percent of all field goals (breaking the 50 percent barrier for the first time) and 96.8 percent of their extra points.For comparison, since 2010, NFL kickers have made 61.9 percent of their field goal attempts — from more than 50 yards.In the 1960s, we start to get data on field goal attempts broken down by distance, allowing for the more complete picture above. In 1972, the NFL narrowed the hash marks from 18.5 yards from 40, which improved field goal percentages overall by reducing the number of attempts taken from awkward angles. And then in 1974, the league moved the goal posts to the back of the end zone — but as kick distances are recorded relative to the posts, the main effect of this move was a small (and temporary) decline in the extra-point conversion rate (which you can see in the top line of the chart above). Then we have data on the kicks’ exact distance, plus field and stadium type, after 1993.2This info is likely out there for older kicks as well, but it wasn’t in my data.So let’s combine everything we know: Extra-point attempts and distances prior to 1961, kicks by category from 1961 to 1993, the kicks’ exact distance after 1993, and the changing placement of goal posts and hash marks. Using this data, we can model the likely success of any kick.With those factors held constant, here’s a look at how good NFL kickers have been relative to their set of kicks in any given year3This is done using a binomial probit regression with all the variables, using “year taken” as a categorical variable (meaning it’s not treated like a number, so 1961, 1962 and 1963 may as well be “Joe,” “Bob” and “Nancy”). This is similar to how SRS determines how strong each team is relative to its competition.:When I showed this chart to a friend of mine who’s a philosophy Ph.D.,4Hi, Nate! he said: “It’s like the Hacker Gods got lazy and just set a constant Kicker Improvement parameter throughout the universe.” The great thing about this is that since the improvement in kicking has been almost perfectly linear, we can treat “year” as just another continuous variable, allowing us to generalize the model to any kick in any situation at any point in NFL history.Applying this year-based model to our kicking distance data, we can see just how predictable the improvement in kicking has actually been:The model may give teams too much credit in the early ’60s — an era for which we have a lot less data — but over the course of NFL history it does extremely well (it also predicts back to 1932, not shown). What’s amazing is that, while the model incorporates things like hashmark location and (more recently) field type, virtually all the work is handled by distance and year alone. Ultimately, it’s an extremely (virtually impossibly) accurate model considering how few variables it relies on.5So how accurate is this thing? To be honest, in all my years of building models, I’ve never seen anything like it. The model misses a typical year/distance group prediction by an average of just 2.5 percent. Note that a majority of those predictions involve only a couple hundred observations — at most. For comparison, the standard deviation for 250 observations of a 75 percent event is 2.7 percent. In other words, the model pretty much couldn’t have done any better even if it knew the exact probability of each kick!While there is possibly a smidge of overfitting (there usually is), the risk here is lower than usual, since the vast majority of each prediction is driven solely by year and distance. Here’s the regression output:I wish I could take credit for this, but it really just fell into place. Nerds, perk up: The z-value on “season” is 46.2! If every predictive relationship I looked for were that easy to find, life would be sweet.This isn’t just trivia, it has real-world implications, from tactical (how should you manage the clock knowing your opponent needs only moderate yardage to get into field goal range?) to organizational (maybe a good kicker is worth more than league minimum). And then there’s the big one.Fourth downIf you’re reading this site, there’s a good chance you scream at your television a lot when coaches sheepishly kick or punt instead of going for it on fourth down. This is particularly true in the “dead zone” between roughly the 25- and 40-yard lines, where punts accomplish little and field goals are supposedly too long to be good gambles.I’ve been a card-carrying member of Team Go-For-It since the ’90s. And we were right, back then. With ’90s-quality kickers, settling for field goals in the dead zone was practically criminal. As of 10 years ago — around when these should-we-go-for-it models rose to prominence — we were still right. But a lot has changed in 10 years. Field-goal kicking is now good enough that many previous calculations are outdated. Here’s a comparison between a field-goal kicking curve from 2004 vs. 2014:There’s no one universally agreed-upon system for when you should go for it on fourth down. But a very popular one is The New York Times’ 4th Down Bot, which is powered by models built by Brian Burke — founder of Advanced Football Analytics and a pioneer in the quantitative analysis of football. It calculates the expected value (either in points or win percentages) for every fourth-down play in the NFL, and tweets live results during games. Its 19,000-plus followers are treated to the bot’s particular emphasis on the many, many times coaches fail to go for it on fourth down when they should.A very helpful feature of the 4th Down Bot is that its game logs break down each fourth-down decision into its component parts. This means that we can see exactly what assumptions the bot is making about the success rate of each kick. Comparing those to my model, it looks to me like the bot’s kickers are approximately 2004-quality. (I asked Burke about this, and he agrees that the bot is probably at least a few years behind,6I don’t blame Burke or others for not updating their models based on the last few years. It’s good to be prudent and not assume that temporary shifts one way or the other will hold. Normally it is better to go with the weight of history rather than with recent trends. But in this case, the recent trends are backed by the weight of history. and says that its kicking assumptions are based on a fitted model of the most recent eight years of kicking data.7Here’s his full statement: “The bot is about 3-4 years behind the trends in FG accuracy, which have been improving at longer distances. It uses a kicking model fitted to the average of the recent 8-year period of data. AFA’s more advanced model for team clients is on the current ‘frontier’ of kick probabilities, and can be tuned for specific variables like kicker range, conditions, etc. Please keep in mind the bot is intended to be a good first-cut on the analysis and a demonstration of what is possible with real-time analytics. It’s not intended as the final analysis.”)But more importantly, these breakdowns allow us to essentially recalculate the bot’s recommendations given a different set of assumptions. And the improvement in kicking dramatically changes the calculus of whether to go for it on fourth down in the dead zone. The following table compares “Go or No” charts from the 4th Down Bot as it stands right now, versus how it would look with projected 2015 kickers8The exact values in the chart may differ slightly from the reports on the Times’ website because I had to reverse-engineer the bot’s decision-making process. But basically I’m assuming the model gets everything exactly right as far as expected value from various field locations, chances of converting a fourth-down attempt, etc., then recalculating the final expected value comparison using 2015 kickers.:Having better kickers makes a big difference, as you can see from the blue sea on the left versus the red sea on the right. (The 4th Down Bot’s complete “Go or No” table is on the Times’ website.)Getting these fourth-down calls wrong is potentially a big problem for the model. As a test case, I tried applying the 4th Down Bot’s model to a selection of the most relevant kicks from between 25 and 55 yards in 2013, then looked at what coaches actually did in those scenarios. I graded both against my kicking-adjusted results for 2013. While the updated version still concluded that coaches were too conservative (particularly on fourth-and-short), it found that coaches were (very slightly) making more correct decisions than the 4th Down Bot.The differences were small (coaches beat the bot by only a few points over the entire season), but even being just as successful as the bot would be a drastic result considering how absolutely terrible coaches’ go-for-it strategy has been for decades. In other words, maybe it’s not that NFL coaches were wrong, they were just ahead of their time!Time-traveling kickersHaving such an accurate model also allows us to see the overall impact kicking improvement has had on football. For example, we can calculate how kickers from different eras would have performed on a common set of attempts. In the following chart, we can see how many more or fewer points per game the typical team would have scored if kickers from a different era had taken its kicks (the red line is the actual points per game from field goals that year):The last time kickers were as big a part of the game as they are today, the league had to move the posts back! Since the rule change, the amount of scoring from field goals has increased by more than 2 points per game. A small part of the overall increase (the overall movement of the red line) is a result of taking more field goals, but most of it comes from the improvement in accuracy alone (the width of the “ribbon”).How does this compare to broader scoring trends? As a baseline for comparison, I’ve taken the average points scored in every NFL game since 1961, and then seen how much league scoring deviated from that at any given point in time (the “scoring anomaly”). Then I looked at how much of that anomaly was a result of kicking accuracy.9The scoring deviation on this chart is calculated relative to the average game over the period. The kicking accuracy is relative to the median kicker of the period.:Amid wild fluctuations in scoring, kicking has remained a steady, driving force.For all the talk of West Coast offenses, the invention of the pro formation, the wildcat, 5-wide sets, the rise of the pass-catching tight-end, Bill Walsh, the Greatest Show On Turf, and the general recognition that passing, passing and more passing is the best way to score in football, half the improvement in scoring in the past 50-plus years of NFL history has come solely from field-goal kickers kicking more accurately.10Side note, I’ve also looked at whether kicking improvement has been a result of kickers who are new to the league being better than older kickers, or of older kickers getting better themselves. The answer is both.The past half-century has seen an era of defensive innovation — running roughly from the mid-’60s to the mid-’70s — a chaotic scoring epoch with wild swings until the early ’90s, and then an era of offensive improvement. But the era of kickers is forever.Reuben Fischer-Baum contributed graphics.CORRECTION (Jan. 28, 2:22 p.m.): An earlier version of this article incorrectly gave the distances from which extra-point kicks were taken in 1933 and in recent years. Actual extra-point distances aren’t recorded.
Image: AP Photo/John RobinsonThis one is at Cape Town:Image: AP Photo/Nardus EngelbrechtVisitors mimic the pose of this Mandela statue outside the Groot Drakenstein correctional facility near the town of Franschhoek, South Africa:Image: AP Photo/Schalk van ZuydamAnd, of course, a bust of Mandela is watchful at the entrance to Robben Island ferry departure point at the V&A waterfront in Cape Town:Image: AP Photo/Schalk van ZuydamMandela’s body lying in state after solemn journey through Pretoria>The equality struggle didn’t end with Mandela’s prison release – and it must continue> Image: AP Photo/Tsvangirayi MukwazhiThere are already a number of dedicated monuments to Mandela in his homeland including this statue at Nelson Mandela square in Sandton, Johannesburg:Image: AP Photo/Tsvangirayi MukwazhiThis statue depicts Mandela through a series of bevelled posts – it stands near Howick in South Africa: Image: AP Photo/Tsvangirayi MukwazhiAS THE BODY of Nelson Mandela lies in state for the third and final day ahead of his funeral on Sunday, a more permanent tribute to the founding father of the ‘Rainbow Nation’ is raised in Pretoria.The giant statue of the former South Africa president, referred to affectionately as Madiba, will stand in front of the Union buildings.
Stay on target Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Master Blockchain With These Easy Online CoursesAtari Explains What ‘RollerCoaster Tycoon’ On Blockchain Even Means Anyone for a Long Island Blockchain?Long Island Iced Tea Corp. this week jumped on the cryptocurrency bandwagon, rebranding itself Long Blockchain Corp.The Hicksville, N.Y.-based company launched its first ready-to-drink iced tea flavors in 2011. Six years later, it is shifting its primary corporate focus “toward the exploration of and investment in opportunities that leverage the benefits of blockchain,” according to a press release.“We view advances in blockchain technology as a once-in-a-generation opportunity,” CEO Philip Thomas said in a statement. “And have made the decision to pivot our business strategy in order to pursue opportunities in this evolving industry.”In case you’ve been living under a rock for the past year, blockchain is a technology for decentralized, self-regulating data. That is, information can be managed and organized without an intermediary like a bank, government, or accountant.Its best known (but by no means only) application is the digital payment system bitcoin, which cuts out the middleman to enable direct electronic cash transfers.The scheme relies on members of the general public to validate and timestamp transactions. Those transactions are then added as “blocks” to a cryptographically protected, unalterable chain (hence the name) and shared on a private (with restricted membership) or public network.Blockchain, according to the refreshed company, is creating a “fundamental paradigm shift” across the global marketplace. The firm already has its eye on a few partnerships, investments, and potential acquisitions involving the financial services industry.“We are pursuing our new direction in a thoughtful and deliberate manner,” the CEO said.Long Island Iced Tea, the product of a 2015 merger with Cullen Agricultural Holding Corp., had a net loss of $3.9 million on sales of $1.6 million in the three months ending Sept. 30, as reported by Bloomberg. The firm lost $11.6 million on sales of $3.9 million in the first nine months of the year.Since its name change on Thursday, Long Blockchain Corp. shares rose as much as 289 percent.The parent company, which reserved the Web domain www.longblockchain.com, will continue operating Long Island Brand Beverages, LLC, with a sustained focus on ready-to-drink refreshments.“I am incredibly proud of what we have accomplished in the beverage industry and we are committed to growing our business both on a national and international scale,” Thomas said, assuring customers, suppliers, and partners of the firm’s “continuing support” of the Long Island Iced Tea portfolio.“Your support over the years has helped to drive our growth and elevate our brand, and we remain committed to maintaining and fostering these relationships,” he added.
Clark County — Meals on Wheels People, the regional nonprofit providing meals to home-bound seniors, is planning for upcoming winter weather.Drivers will deliver a two-day supply of shelf-stable meals later this month to more than 3,000 participants in Clark, Multnomah and Washington counties, the nonprofit said Wednesday. These meals are to be used when the weather is so severe that most drivers cannot deliver meals. The shelf-stable meals include applesauce, fruit bars, juice and two packaged entrees. Participants will be instructed to save these meals until Meals on Wheels People calls them, advising them to eat the emergency food.Even in those situations, some emergency weather drivers will be available to reach home-bound elderly who don’t have any food.Those interested in volunteering as an emergency weather driver can visit volunteer.mealsonwheelspeople.org or call Catie at 503-953-8101.
Chelsea legend Ruud Gullit believes someone like Roberto Firmino would have been a much better striker than Gonzalo Higuain for the club.The Blues pulled off arguably the biggest coup of the winter transfer window by signing Higuain on a loan deal from Juventus until the end of the season.The Argentina international made his debut for Chelsea on Sunday in their 3-0 FA Cup win over Sheffield Wednesday at Stamford Bridge.But Gullit, who played as both a midfielder and forward during his playing career, is not convinced that Higuain’s playing style will suit Chelsea.The Dutchman believes Eden Hazard and Willian will not be able to provide the kind service Higuain needs and suggested that a player like Liverpool’s Firmino would have been a better call.“I hope I am wrong, I really do, but [Gonzalo] Higuain is an old-fashioned striker who needs crosses and, if he plays up front all the time, he will not see many balls there because of the way Eden Hazard and Willian play,” Gullit told BBC.Chelsea hat-trick hero Tammy Abraham hopes for more Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Tammy Abraham hopes this season will be his big breakthrough at Chelsea after firing his first hat-trick for the club in Saturday’s 5-2 win at Wolves.“Those two always come inside, and dribble or shoot, and try to do things themselves. So they don’t need a player up there who is a target man, because Chelsea don’t use one and, under [Maurizio] Sarri, they never do.“Instead they need a centre-forward who can play in midfield too, and be effective on the ball as well as be a finisher inside the box. Roberto Firmino, who comes so deep for Liverpool, is the perfect example.“That is how Chelsea’s frontman has to play too, which is why I am not sure [Gonzalo] Higuain is the answer.“At the very least, he has a difficult job because, with the way they are set-up, he will not be able to play the way he wants.“We will have to wait and see, but Alvaro Morata and Olivier Giroud are both good strikers, and it has not worked out for them.”