Chief among African leaders, Nelson Mandela is one of few statesmen to have achieved almost universal respect around the world and across the political spectrum.Nelson Mandela is a universally respected leader. (Image: Wikimedia Commons)His role in fighting apartheid, his imprisonment on Robben Island – where he came to symbolise the struggle of oppressed people around the world – and his ability to steer South Africa through its rebirth earned him the international reputation of benevolent negotiator and quintessential peacemaker.Imprisoned for 27 years for his opposition to apartheid, Mandela came out of prison in 1990 expressing no bitterness towards his tormentors. Instead, he championed reconciliation among South Africa’s polarised races, espousing the principles of nation-building and co-operative governance.Mandela was one of the few leaders capable of inspiring confidence both inside and outside the country. Few others would have managed to unite the disparate warring parties and steer South Africa from what seemed to be the brink of civil war.To some, Mandela had a near-omnipotent power at the negotiating table, carrying with him an indubitable moral authority and gentle but firm sense of fairness. In 1993, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, which he shared with former South African president FW de Klerk.Mandela as presidentAs South Africa’s first democratically elected president in 1994, Mandela tackled the challenge of uniting both the country’s racial groupings and a fragmented public service whose delivery mandate was skewed in favour of the white population.A significant milestone of his presidency was the exemplary constitution-making process, which delivered a document that is the envy of the democratic world.Mandela is equally known for taking a strong stand against the giant world powers – especially in defence of Africa. As president, he was unrestrained in embracing the ANC’s former allies, such as Libya’s Muammar Gadaffi and Palestinian Liberation Organisation leader Yasser Arafat, in spite of criticism from the United States.His position also made for fluid relationships with Russia and China, former communist allies of the ANC.After handing over the reigns of the presidency to Thabo Mbeki in 1999, Mandela played a key role as middleman in crisis-hit areas such as Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.Besides campaigning globally for peace, Mandela focused his still prodigious energies increasingly on empowering disadvantaged children and fighting against HIV/Aids.In June 2004, Mandela officially retired from public life. His parting gift – a R1-billion endowment to South Africa, to be raised by the three charitable organisations that bear his name: the Nelson Mandela Foundation, the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund and the Nelson Mandela Rhodes Foundation.Early lifeNelson Mandela, whose second name is Rolihlahla, was born on 18 July 1918 in Mvezo, near Qunu. He was the son of Nonqaphi Nosekeni and Henry Mgadla Mandela, chief councillor to the paramount chief of the Tembu. He spent his early childhood in the Transkei, being groomed to become a chief.Mandela matriculated at Healdtown Methodist Boarding School and enrolled at Fort Hare University College, where he met Oliver Tambo. It was at Fort Hare that he first became involved in student politics, and he was expelled in 1940 after participating in a student protest.Mandela left the Transkei, partly to avoid an arranged marriage, and moved to Johannesburg where he was employed as a mine policeman. Shortly after this he met Walter Sisulu, who helped him obtain articles with a legal firm.Completing a BA degree by correspondence in 1941, he then began studying for a law degree, which he didn’t complete. In December 1952, Mandela and Tambo opened the first African legal partnership in the country.Youth League founderTogether with Sisulu and Tambo, Mandela participated in the founding of the African National Congress Youth League in 1944.The Youth League invigorated the ANC. Its Programme of Action was adopted by the ANC in 1949, and it provided much of the impetus that led to mass protests and later, the formation of the ANC’s armed wing, Umkhonto weSizwe.Visit the ANC’s archive: African National Congress Youth LeagueIn 1948 Mandela served as the Youth League’s national secretary, and in 1950 became its national president. He became one of four deputy presidents of the ANC in October 1952.First arrest and banningIn December of the same year, Mandela and 19 others were arrested and charged under the Suppression of Communism Act for their participation in the Defiance Campaign, a national protest against laws curtailing the freedoms of blacks, Indians and coloureds.The campaign was significant for Mandela. Whereas previously he was wary of working with non-black Africans, the campaign convinced him to move towards co-ordinating an interracial and united front to fight apartheid.Mandela was sentenced to nine months’ imprisonment with hard labour, suspended for two years. He was later served with a six-month banning order prohibiting him from attending meetings, or from leaving the Johannesburg magisterial district. For the following nine years his banning orders were continually renewed.In December 1956 Mandela was one of 156 political activists arrested and charged with high treason for the campaign leading to the adoption of The Freedom Charter in 1955. The trial lasted four-and-a-half years. On 25 March 1961, Mandela and 29 others were found not guilty.Family lifeMandela married Evelyn Mase, a nurse, in 1944. The couple had met through Sisulu, Mase’s cousin. The lived in Soweto and had four children, including Makgatho Mandela and Makaziwe Mandela. The divorced in 1958, and taking the children, Mase moved to Cofimvaba in what is today Eastern Cape.In the same year he divorced his first wife, Mandela married Nomzamo Winnie Madikizela. They had two daughters, Zenani and Zindzi. It was a turbulent marriage. During Mandela’s imprisonment on Robben Island, Winnie spearheaded the struggle outside prison. During the Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings some three decades later, she was linked to the deaths of several young ANC activists. They divorced in 1996.Mandela and Mase’s third child, Thembi, was killed in a car accident in 1969, while Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island. Their other son, Makgatho Lewanika Mandela – Mandela’s last surviving son – died on 6 January 2005, aged 54.Read more: My son died of Aids: MandelaArmed struggleWhen the apartheid government banned the ANC and the Pan Africanist Congress in 1960, Mandela led the campaign to launch an underground struggle. He emerged as a leading figure in the formation of Umkhonto weSizwe, the ANC’s armed wing, becoming its first commander-in-chief.After working outside South Africa for a period – a time that included military training in Algeria – Mandela returned to the country in July 1962.On 5 August 1962 the police finally captured the elusive “Black Pimpernel” near Howick in what was then Natal province. He was tried and sentenced to five years’ imprisonment for incitement to strike and illegally leaving the country.Rivonia TrialWhile Mandela was in prison, police raided the ANC’s underground headquarters at Lilliesleaf Farm in Rivonia, north of Johannesburg, and arrested several ANC leaders. Police found documents relating to the manufacture of explosives, Mandela’s diary and copies of a draft memorandum – Operation Mayibuye – which outlined a possible strategy for guerrilla struggle.Read more: Liliesleaf: one day back in ’63The Rivonia Trial began in October 1963 and Mandela joined the other accused – Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Raymond Mhlaba, Elias Motsoaledi, Ahmed Kathrada, Denis Goldberg and Wilton Mkwayi – being tried for sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government.Mandela’s statement from the dock received worldwide publicity. On 12 June 1964, all eight of the accused were sentenced to life imprisonment. Goldberg was sent to Pretoria Prison, the rest to Robben Island.Robben IslandMandela spent the next 18 years on Robben Island, before being transferred in 1982 to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town and then to Victor Verster Prison, where it was discovered that he was suffering from tuberculosis.On Robben Island, Mandela, who was kept in isolation along with other senior leaders, continued to play an important role as a political leader behind bars, maintaining contact with the ANC leadership in exile.From July 1986 onwards, he initiated contact with government representatives, which led eventually to his July 1989 meeting with President PW Botha at Tuynhuys. In December 1989 he met De Klerk.Freedom!Mandela was released from jail on Sunday, 11 February 1990. The first images of the president-to-be walking out of prison were relayed live via satellite to ecstatic audiences across the globe.Mandela led the ANC in negotiations with the South African government which culminated in the adoption of the interim constitution in November 1993. In 1994 the ANC won the country’s first multiracial elections with an overwhelming majority.Read more: 72 days that shaped South AfricaMandela’s inauguration as president brought together the largest number of heads of state since the funeral of former US President John Kennedy in 1963.On 18 July 1998 Mandela married Graça Machel, the widow of former Mozambican president Samora Machel.After handing over the reigns of the presidency to Thabo Mbeki in 1999, Mandela played a key role as middleman in crisis-hit areas such as Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.Besides campaigning globally for peace, Mandela focused his still prodigious energies on empowering disadvantaged children and fighting against HIV/Aids. He gave his prison number – 46664 – to a global campaign to raise awareness about the disease.Retirement and legacyIn June 2004, Mandela officially retired from public life. His parting gift – a R1-billion endowment to South Africa, to be raised by the three charitable organisations that bear his name: the Nelson Mandela Foundation, the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund and the Nelson Mandela Rhodes Foundation.See: Mandela’s wish for South AfricaIn 2007, Mandela, together with Machel and Desmond Tutu, convened a group of world leaders – The Elders – to contribute their wisdom and independent leadership to global problems and to ease human suffering.In 2009, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed Mandela’s birthday, 18 July, as Nelson Mandela International Day, marking his contribution to the anti-apartheid struggle. It called on individuals to donate 67 minutes to doing something for others, commemorating the 67 years that Mandela had been a part of the movement.With his health increasingly fragile, Mandela was admitted to hospital for a reoccurring lung infection many times from 2011. In June 2013, he was admitted in a serious condition. The nation held its breath – but Mandela was sent home on 1 September, with President Jacob Zuma describing Mandela’s condition as “critical and at times unstable”.Mandela passed away on 5 December 2013 at his home in Houghton, Joburg, at the age of 95. “Our nation has lost its greatest son, our people have lost a father,” said Zuma. “Although we knew that this day would come nothing can diminish our sense of a profound and enduring loss.‘What made Nelson Mandela great was precisely what made him human. We saw in him what we seek in ourselves and in him we saw so much of ourselves. Fellow South Africans, Nelson Mandela brought us together and it is together that we will bid him farewell.”Barack Obama, USA’s first black president also praised Mandela. “We’ve lost one of the most influential, courageous and profoundly good human beings that any of us will share time with on this Earth,” Obama said. “He no longer belongs to us – he belongs to the ages.”The country went into a 10-day mourning period. Mandela’s body lay in state at the Union Buildings in Pretoria from 11 to 13 December 2013 for the public to say goodbye. A state funeral took place in Qunu on 15 December, where his body was buried.Updated October 2015Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Tags:#Google#mobile#privacy#web Related Posts Even before last week’s revelations that iPhones and Androids are tracking users’ locations, there have been increasing concerns about what sorts of data in general smartphones and smartphone apps are collecting. How does a user know what information is being amassed and shared? (And don’t say “by reading the Terms of Service,” thanks.) How can they control this?If you’re an Android user, a new app under development by researchers at North Carolina State University can help. TISSA, short for Taming Information-Stealing Smartphone Applications, will give users more granular control of what personal information is available to the apps on their phones.As it stands, Android apps must notify users about what information they’ll be collecting. Then it’s up to users to decide whether or not they want to install the app. That’s not really much of a choice. The TISSA prototype is intended to give users another layer of permissions on top of the ones the Android OS already provides, so that even after you download an app, you still have more control over what information is shared. In the current prototype, TISSA has four different privacy settings. The first of these is “Trusted,” allowing users to mark certain apps as being safe to function normally. For apps that users are less confident in, TISSA will let them select from three other privacy settings: “Empty,” “Bogus,” and “Anonymized.” If a user selects “Empty,” information that’s requested by an app will return a message saying that the relevant information doesn’t exist or isn’t available. If a user selects “Bogus,” the app will be provided with fake personal information. And if a user selected “Anonymized,” the app will be given generalized information, such as your approximate location.For example, weather apps require your data in order to provide you with an accurate local forecast. Rather than letting the phone give the app your exact location, TISSA could be programmed to send information about your general vicinity, say a 10-mile radius. According to Xuxian Jiang, an assistant professor of computer science at the NC State and the leader of the project team, TISSA could be further modified to give even better control, specifying for example what type of data is okay and what isn’t (such as sharing your contact list)TISSA is currently just a prototype, but the researchers are exploring how to make it available to Android users. No work has started yet on porting the idea to iOS. The team will be presenting an academic paper on their research in June at the 4th International Conference on Trust and Trustworthy Computing.Image credits: The Wall Street Journal What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement audrey watters Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology
Filipinos out to deliver duathlon gold medals Urgent reply from Philippine football chief MOST READ Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Magalong: Albayalde also got SUV out of ‘agaw bato’ operation in 2013 PLAY LIST 01:19Magalong: Albayalde also got SUV out of ‘agaw bato’ operation in 201300:50Trending Articles01:05Chinese military personnel parade near Hong Kong border02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Bell had 15 points and 10 digs while Niemer scattered nine spikes, three aces and a pair of blocks for 14 hits.Mika Reyes was also instrumental with seven points while Aiza Maizo-Pontillas and Remy Palma added six points apiece.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesIn the second game, Kalei Mau delivered the crucial blows down the stretch to carry United VC to a 12-25, 15-25, 25-17, 25-22, 15-9 win over Sta. Lucia.The Filipino-American outside spiker finished with 22 points off 19 spikes as United VC improved to 1-1. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Sta Lucia’s Pam Lastimosa goes for a kill over United VC’s Taira Robins-Hardy. See story below. —Sherwin VardeleonImports Katherine Bell and Stephanie Niemer powered defending champion Petron past PLDT Home Fibr, 25-19, 25-9, 25-10, in the Philippine Superliga Grand Prix on Tuesday at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.Billed as two of the best imports the country ever saw, Bell and Niemer were unstoppable from start to finish as they towed debuting Petron to the easy win in one hour and 26 minutes.ADVERTISEMENT Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting View comments Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte LATEST STORIES
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Ben Chilwell hails spirit inside Leicester squadby Paul Vegas20 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLeicester City fullback Ben Chilwell has hailed the spirit inside the current squad.Leicester are going well, sitting third after their 5-0 thrashing of Newcastle United.“We’re very confident, especially off the back of 5-0 win against Newcastle and the five great goals that we scored,” Chilwell told the Foxes’ official website.”The confidence is very high in the club, the training is very good.“We’ve made sure that we’ve trained very hard. Just because we’ve won 5-0, we’ve not relaxed.”The manager (Brendan Rodgers) came in the changing room after Newcastle and while he was very happy, he doesn’t show it with us.”
CALGARY – Lawyers for investors in failed oilfield services firm Poseidon Concepts Corp. say they have reached an agreement with defendants in a proposed class action lawsuit that will boost the potential payout to as much as $36.6 million.The global settlement, which does not constitute an admission of liability, will now be presented to Court of Queen’s Bench in Calgary as part of a Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act plan of arrangement for Poseidon, law firms Siskinds LLP of Toronto and JSS Barristers of Calgary said in an news release.The agreement includes a $23-million payment split between Poseidon’s former auditor, KPMG; nine financial institutions who underwrote a public offering of Poseidon shares in January 2012; and Peyto Exploration and Development Corp., the Calgary producer that bought its founding firm.It will also include $11.6 million from Poseidon’s liability insurer and potentially about $2 million from an insurance holdback fund.“Poseidon’s unfortunate circumstances caused significant financial losses to its investors, and its insolvency added multiple layers of complexity to the litigation,” Robert Hawkes, a partner at JSS Barristers, said in the statement.“The settlement represents a significant recovery for the benefit of the shareholder class.”If approved by the Calgary court, Ontario, Quebec and U.S. courts will be asked to recognize its decision and dismiss proposed class action claims there.The case would then come back to the Calgary court for approval of administrative and legal fees, a call for proofs of claim from investors and establishing a distribution protocol.Siskinds lawyer Sajjad Nematollahi said there are more than 2,000 investors involved, but a final number, and how much each will receive, won’t be known until the protocol is finalized.Poseidon was created by Open Range Energy Corp. to develop and market liquid storage systems — resembling gigantic above-ground swimming pools — to be used to handle the enormous amounts of water required for oilfield fracking operations.The value of the company’s shares soared after it went public, but fell quickly after February 2013 when it announced that it had incorrectly recorded about $100 million in revenue in the first nine months of 2012.The global settlement replaces a partial settlement with Poseidon’s directors, officers and related entities announced in December.Last year, the Alberta Securities Commission ordered Poseidon’s former U.S. senior sales executive to pay $750,000 in fines and costs.In 2016, three of Poseidon’s other executives agreed to pay fines and accept trading bans after admitting to the ASC they had failed to file financial statements in accordance with proper accounting principles.Follow @HealingSlowly on Twitter.Companies in this story: (TSX:PEY)
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina — The Latest on President Donald Trump at the Group of 20 summit (all times local):1:15 p.m.President Donald Trump has ordered American flags to fly at half-staff for 30 days to honour former President George H.W. Bush.In a proclamation signed Saturday, hours after Bush died, Trump has also designated Wednesday as a national day of mourning. Trump encourages Americans to gather in places of worship “to pay homage” to Bush’s memory.He adds: “I invite the people of the world who share our grief to join us in this solemn observance.”Trump hails Bush as “one of America’s greatest points of light,” a reference to one of Bush’s signature phrases about American civic culture.Trump has mocked the “points of light” phrase, saying at campaign rallies that “I never quite got that one.”___12:40 p.m.President Donald Trump is cancelling a planned news conference at the Group of 20 summit in Argentina Saturday, “out of respect for the Bush Family” after death of former President George H.W. Bush.In a tweet, Trump says he was “very much looking forward” to speaking with the news media before leaving the summit in Buenos Aires “because we have had such great success in our dealing with various countries and their leaders at the G20.”He adds: “However, out of respect for the Bush Family and former President George H.W. Bush we will wait until after the funeral to have a press conference.”Trump is scheduled to meet down Saturday with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Chinese President Xi Jinping before returning to Washington.___4:45 a.m.When President Donald Trump sits down for dinner Saturday with Chinese leader Xi Jinping, their table talk will undoubtedly have a global impact.Trump and Xi will be seeking a way out of a trade war between the world’s two biggest economies, while also saving face for their domestic audiences at home. Trump says: “There’s some good signs. We’ll see what happens.”The Trump-Xi meeting is the marquee event of Trump’s whirlwind two-day trip to Argentina for the Group of 20 Summit.Trade analysts and administration officials acknowledge it won’t be easy. The United States and China are locked in a dispute over their trade imbalance and Beijing’s push to challenge American technological dominance.The Associated Press
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – Registration is now open for the 6th Annual Spark Women’s Leadership Conference.This program is designed for the professional development needs of the women in the Peace Country.According to event organizers, this year’s theme is ‘Shift Up and Fuel’ and is to reflect the shifting energy that all women seek at some point in their lives. This conference will provide quality education and take away tools that will assist in communication, business development, personal branding, and leadership.Some of the program sessions will include topics such as silencing your self-doubt and building connection over complacency.Registration per woman is $375.00 before March 31 and $425.00 after March 31.Group pricing is also available.The Spark Women’s Leadership Conference is taking place on May 15 and 16, 2019 at the Pomeroy Hotel & Conference Centre.For more information and to register, you can visit sharingthespark.com.
OTTAWA — Federal parties have spent weeks laying the foundations for their campaign and the promises they intend to make to address a suite of issues they believe are at the tops of voters’ minds.You’ve likely already heard references to what is to come: The cost of living is too high, so we’ll make it easier for you to manage your household budget; climate change needs to be addressed, and we’ll make sure that happens.You may have heard some specifics, particularly when it comes to balancing the federal budget — and how it won’t be possible in the life of one government. The Canadian Press But with polls suggesting the New Democrats are running well behind the Liberals and Tories, the platform may simply be full of promises the party won’t be in a position to keep.The Liberals have avoided pre-election public promises, instead providing hints of what will come in their platform — including funding to create a national pharmacare program. The Liberals are also reportedly going to pledge action on mobile and internet bills, trying to sideswipe the New Democrats.The Canadian Press will keep track of promises made by the federal political during the official campaign ahead of the Oct. 21 election. With the official start of the campaign, parties will lay out their platforms and spending promises, with the parliamentary budget office on deck to check their estimates of costs and revenues. The PBO has already started, with a look at an NDP promise to tax the very rich to fund broader public health-care coverage.The Conservatives have laid out some of their environmental promises, including scrapping the Liberal government’s carbon tax and making big industrial emitters invest in green technology or face monetary consequences.The party has also vowed to scrap new standards requiring the use of cleaner-burning fuels, and to create a $2,850 homeowner credit for making energy-efficiency upgrades.The New Democrats were even more ambitious in their pre-election promise-making, dropping their full platform well in advance of the campaign period.Some of it had already been public even before that, including promises to build hundreds of thousands of new affordable housing units and to cut the cost of internet and cellphone bills.Leader Jagmeet Singh has promised to raise the federal minimum wage to $15 per hour, build a train line between Montreal and Sherbrooke, and create a national cycling strategy.
Kolkata: The Income Tax (I-T) Department and other agencies have so far seized over Rs 21.11 crore of unaccounted cash, jewellery and bullion from Bengal after the announcement of the upcoming Lok Sabha elections, an official said here on Thursday. Of the total seizure so far, about Rs 10 crore in unlawful cash has been recovered in this year’s drive in the state, which is higher that the around Rs 8 crore cash seized during the two-month effort before the 2014 general elections, I-T sleuths said. “Our drive aimed to curb black money flow during elections. I-T officials and other agencies have so far recovered over Rs 21.11 crore of unaccounted cash, jewellery and bullion after the declaration of the elections. The seizures were done mostly in Kolkata and also in Siliguri and Balurghat,” said I-T investigation wing’s principal director Ashish Verma. The seizures were made from businesses, cash handlers and hawala operators, he said. “With our intensifying efforts, we have unearthed nearly Rs 10 crore in cash in just 15 days of operation after the announcement of polls. Last time, we had recovered around about Rs 8 crore in cash,” Verma added. He also said the I-T officials have been conducting a search operation for over two months at a private vault having about 649 lockers at central Kolkata’s Vardaan Market basement and that the operation will get over on Thursday. “In this operation, we have so far seized Rs 5.16 crore of unaccounted cash and jewellery and bullion worth Rs 13.62 crore,” he said. “Of the about Rs 12 crore worth of jewellery and bullion seized so far after the announcement of elections, around Rs 8-9 crore worth of specious metals were recovered from the Vardhan market operation,” Verma said. The I-T Department has deployed over 200 of its officers and employees across West Bengal, Sikkim and Andaman and Nicobar Island to monitor election expenditure and flow of black money. The department will also have dedicated teams for each of the 42 Lok Sabha constituencies in Bengal which will have seven-phase polls.
New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Wednesday refused to hear Congress MP Sushmita Dev’s plea seeking action against Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP President Amit Shah for alleged poll code violations.A bench comprising Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justice Deepak Gupta, however, gave Dev the liberty to file a fresh plea against various Election Commission (EC) orders rejecting complaints of Model Code of Conduct (MCC) violations by Modi and Shah during campaigning. Also Read – 2019 most peaceful festive season for J&K: Jitendra SinghThe apex court had on Monday asked the MP from Silchar to bring on record the EC’s orders giving clean chit to the BJP leaders on several complaints of MCC violations over alleged hate speeches and references to armed forces for “political propaganda”. “Rightly or wrongly”, the poll panel has decided the complaints of MCC violations and these orders warrant filing of a fresh petition, the bench said. Senior advocate Rakesh Dwivedi, appearing for the EC, said the persons who had given representations of MCC violations to the poll panel have not come forward to assail them. Also Read – Personal life needs to be respected: Cong on reports of Rahul’s visit abroadSenior advocate A M Singhvi, appearing for Dev, said the poll panel had given unreasoned orders in dismissing the complaints against Modi and Shah. The EC has given clean chit to Modi for two of his speeches — one in Latur last month urging first time voters to dedicate their votes in the name of Balakot air strike heroes and soldiers killed in the Pulwama attack, and the other in Wardha on April 1, slamming Congress chief Rahul Gandhi where he had also indicated that Kerala constituency had more voters from the minority community. Dev had on Tuesday claimed before the apex court that the EC has failed to appreciate that the alleged “hate speeches” by PM Modi and Shah are “corrupt practices” and promote the feeling of enmity on religious grounds. In an affidavit, Dev has said that the poll panel has passed orders in a “cryptic manner without mentioning any reason whatsoever, in stark violation of the law laid down by this court” while disposing of some complaints. The Congress party has on May 6 lodged a fresh complaint before the poll panel against Modi for his remarks which “maligned and tarnished the image” of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, Dev said in the affidavit filed in the court The apex court had on Monday asked the Congress MP to bring on record EC’s orders giving clean chit to Modi and Shah, after she accused the poll panel of inaction on complaints against the two BJP leaders for allegedly violating the MCC with “hate speeches” and using armed forces for “political propaganda” Alleging discrimination and arbitrariness on part of the EC, Dev had said that the poll panel has initiated action for violation of model code of conduct against Union minister Maneka Gandhi, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, BSP Supremo Mayawati and BJP leader Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur for statements which were similar in “tone, tenor, meaning, purport and intention” to Modi and Shah’s statements. Dev said that the dissent reported and given by one of the Election Commissioners is not provided along with the order. “This demonstrates a complete lack of transparency and arbitrariness of the Respondent’s (EC) decision-making process on complaints against Shri Modi and Shri Amit Shah,” the affidavit said. Dev, in her plea, has alleged inaction by EC in deciding complaints against Modi and Shah and has said that it was “a sign of invidious discrimination” and also “arbitrary, capricious and impermissible” as it was destructive of the integrity of electoral process. The plea listed out several alleged instances of MCC violations by Modi and Shah in their meetings.